Level 22
Level 23

From Republic to Empire


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empire
a kingdom that rules several other lands
expansion
growing larger
Gauls
warlike people (Gaelic, Celtic, Irish)
Cincinnatus
temporary Roman emperor
Society of the Cincinnati
modern US patriotic organization
Caesar
a family name used to indicate an emperor
Carthage
powerful city and empire of North Africa
Punic Wars
wars between Rome and Carthage
Carthagenian
a person from Carthage
Hannibal
Carthagenian general who tried to take Rome by surprise (by crossing the Alps with his army and elephants)
Julius Caesar
..., Roman general and dictator. He was murdered by a group of senators and his former friend Brutus who hoped to restore the normal running of the republic.
Pompey
Roman general and statesman who quarrelled with Caesar and fled to Egypt where he was murdered
Cyprus
island in the eastern Mediterranean
Caesar Augustus
adopted son of Julius Caesar and first emperor of Rome
Pax Romana
("Roman Peace") long era of peace and safety in the Roman Empire
Level 24