Level 234
Level 235

Cold War: Origins


21 words 0 ignored

Ready to learn       Ready to review

Ignore words

Check the boxes below to ignore/unignore words, then click save at the bottom. Ignored words will never appear in any learning session.

All None

Ignore?
short term causes
1942 - 1945, 1. Issue of the Second Front (during WWII, 1942), 2. Tehran Conference and Percentages Agreement (Nov 1943), 3. Quest for Security (1944 - 45), 4. Breakdown of Grand Alliance (1944 - 45)
Open Door Policy, suspicion
Stalin also suspicious of Roosevelt's Open Door policy, "based on democracy and individual freedom", thought that it was put in place to benefit the capitalist countries only (US benefited hugely from ODP, countries were e…
Tehran Conference
November 1943, Big Three (US, GB, USSR) met to discuss outcome of war
Tehran Conf., agreements
Stalin was promised restored 1918 borders of Poland due to interest of Poland as a buffer state, borders would be moved into Germany at Germany's expense, Stalin was promised no alliances against USSR woul…
Percentages Agreement
after Tehran Conf., Stalin and Churchill (USSR and GB) met semi-secretly to discuss percent…
A Bomb
US (Roosevelt died, Truman pres.) dropped atomic bomb on Japan in 1945, kept Stalin out of the loop
Quest for Security, USSR
USSR was regional power, thus in terms of security, Stalin wanted friendly buffer states, economic restoration through reparations, major power of US played on minds of Stalin in conferences post WWII
Quest for Security, US
US was global superpower, thus in terms of security needed free global trade/exchange, all markets open to be able to sustain themselves/their economy, major power of US played on minds of Stalin in conferences post WWII
Breakdown of Grand Alliance
1944 - 45, conferences between Big Three post WWII lead to clashes and disagreements
Breakdown of Grand Alliance, clashes
main clashes in Yalta and Potsdam were on Germany, Poland and Eastern Europe, economic reconstruction, nuclear weapons
Yalta Conference
February 1945, war against Germany and Japan was still ongoing, but war was considered pretty much over
Yalta Conference, decisions - Germany
decided that Germany would be split into 4 parts, run by an Allied control commission, though would work economically as one unit, Stalin was against split Germany, wanted reparations from Germany to weaken them…
Yalta Conference, decisions - Poland & E. Europe
decisions over Poland more difficult, though agreed that USSR's demands over Poland's eastern borders would be met, 1918 borders restored for USSR at Germany's expense, agreed on Soviet sphere of influence in Poland if elect…
Yalta Conference, decisions - other
agreement between USSR and US that USSR would enter war against Japan
Potsdam Conference
August 1945, Truman yet to drop the bomb, Allies met again in Potsdam
Potsdam Conference, decisions - Poland
for Stalin, Poland was life or death for Stalin, essential for security, believed that Allies had accepted Lublin (mainly communist, Soviet sympathetic) provisional government, "with a few London Poles to be added", though Atlee…
Potsdam Conference, decisions - reparations
when Axis forces retreated in 1944-45, burned villages and ruined lives of Soviet citizens (2.5 million without homes), economic reconstruction was thus prime for Stalin, friction increased when Truman tried to contain USSR, however
Potsdam Conference, decisions - reparations (2)
USSR was given 25% of reparations from eastern zones of Germany, though mostly poorer, agricultural area, if US received 60% of goods from West, mostly goods and raw materials (unfair)
Potsdam Conference, decisions - nuclear weapons
refusal to share info about atomic bomb with USSR by US was seen as secret keeping, demonstration of US power weakened USSR
Moscow Conference, beginnings of turmoil
December 1945, Molotov would not agree on widening of bases of governments of Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria, Byrnes was willing to accommodate, however blocked by John Foster Dulles (Republican who supported Riga Axioms)
Moscow Conference, conclusion of turmoil
USSR agreed to include two non-communists in Rom. and Bulg. governments in return for US recognition in these states, Byrnes complied, though when Etheridge Report came out, delayed showing it to Truman, Truman angry…
Level 236