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Level 25

Roman Empire


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The Republic
A form of Government in which power is in the hands of representatives and leaders that are elected by citizens who have the right to vote.
Civil War
Confederacy (the Southern states) vs. Union (the Northern states), 1861-1864
Julius Caesar
..., Roman general and dictator. He was murdered by a group of senators and his former friend Brutus who hoped to restore the normal running of the republic.
First (1st) Triumvirate
Caesar, Pompey, Crassus. Together they Rule Rome for 10 years.
Pax Romana
("Roman Peace") long era of peace and safety in the Roman Empire
Tiberius Gracchus
takes land from the wealthy and give it to the poor.
Gaius Gracchus
reforms how grain is distributed. He makes it easy for poor to buy grain. He begins a policy that will become known as "BREAD AND CIRCUSES"
Second (2nd) Triumvirate
Octavian, Lepidus and Marc Antony
Crassus
A wealthy Roman who joins and helps finance the First Triumvirate.
Pompey
Roman general and statesman who quarrelled with Caesar and fled to Egypt where he was murdered
Bread and Circuses
Poor Farmers coming into the city were called the MOB. This was Gauus Gracchus' idea to keep them calm. They would be fed and entertained to keep the mob at bay.
Lepidus
Roman leader of Spain. One of the 3 in the 2nd Triumvirate.
Octavian
Caesars adopted son (nephew of JC) puts him in good standing with most of Romans. Eventually is 1 of 3 in the 2nd Triumvirate.
Battle of Actium
Octavian led the Roman navy in the Battle of Actium against the Egyptians in 31 BC
Antony & Cleopatra
Married. She was Egyptian Leader. He willed his portion of the Roman Empire to Cleopatra and her sons. Octavian was forced to act. (Battle of Actium)
The Common Man
was supportive of Caesar, leading to early popularity.
Gaul
An area (ancient France) Caesar conquered this land with his army.
Census
Caesar created this to count the people in the empire.
Keystone
The last piece of the arch that was put in place to make it secure.
Citizens
Some people in the provinces were allowed to be this during Caesar's rule.
Calendar
This was created by Caesar and today it is still similar to what we use today.
Punic Wars
wars between Rome and Carthage
Carthage
powerful city and empire of North Africa
republic
a government ruled by elected representatives instead of a monarch
patricians
powerful and wealthy people who owned land in ancient Rome
Plebians
Members of the lower class in Ancient Rome including farmers, merchants, artisans and trader. They could not trace their heritage to Rome.
Consul
An elected official who led the Roman Republic.
The Mob
The large group of people that came to the city because they were starving. Their farms were put out of work by wealthier farmers.
Twelve Tables
450 BCE, Roman law code developed in response to democracy of Roman republic
Cassius
He and Brutus had taken control of the Eastern part of the Empire, but were quickly defeated by Octavian and Antony
Tiber River
The river flowing through the city of Rome.
Christianity
Was a factor in the division of people as a factor of the fall of Rome
Gallic Wars
Caesar gained popularity with the wars with Gaul (area now called France)
Early Rome
Story of Romulus and Remus (mythilogical) Or the story of the Etruscans
Level 26