Level 249
Level 250

East & West in the Grip of the Cold War


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brinkmanship
..., A policy of threatening to go to war in response to any enemy aggression.
Korean War
the 'Forgotten War'; 1950-1953
U-2 incident
..., The incident when an American U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. The U.S. denied the true purpose of the plane at first, but was forced to when the U.S.S.R. prod…
bay of pigs
..., In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the inva…
cuban missle crisis
..., The Soviet Union was secretly building nuclear missile launch sites in Cuba, which could have been used for a sneak-attack on the U.S. The U.S. blockaded Cuba until the U.S.S.R. agreed to dismantle the missile silos.
limited test ban treaty
..., 1963 treaty in which the United States and the Soviet Union agreed not to test nuclear weapons above the ground
Douglas MacArthur
General who commanded the US forces in Asia during WW II
Joseph McCarthy
A US senator who was very worried that communists were trying to take over the world (and the US).
Fidel Castro
..., Cuban revolutionary leader who overthrew the corrupt regime of the dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959 and soon after established a Communist state. He was prime minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976 and…
George Kennan
..., an American advisor, diplomat, political scientist, and historian, best known as "the father of containment" and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War. He later wrote standard histories of…
Dwight D. Eisenhower
..., (1953-1957) and (1957-1961), when elected President, he was the most popular American; "I like Ike!" button. Modern Republicanism---didn't undo the New Deal of the Democrats. Called "The Republican's Choice" . He was the comma…
John F Kennedy
A very famous US president during the Cold War. He was killed by a man with a gun in the 1960's.
Nikita Khrushchev
For the first few years after Stalin's death in 1953, a group of leaders shared power. As time went by, however, one man did gain power. Like Stalin, he believed that communism would take …
Grand Alliance
The name given to alliance between USSR, USA and Britain in World War II
Potsdam
July 26, 1945 - Allied leaders Truman, Stalin and Churchill met in Germany to set up zones of control and to inform the Japanese that if they refused to surrender at once, they would face total destruction.
Ms. Messer
Enjoys long walks on the beach, drinking cold coffee, sharpies, all things purple, and groovin' to 60's music.
1946 Operation Dixie
AFL & CIO launch a campaign to bring unionization to the South & shatter hold of anti-labor conservatives in the region's politics. ultimately failed
1947 Taft-Harley Act
Sought to reverse some gains made by labor groups
1947 Truman Doctrine
March 1947. President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology. (mainly Greece & Turkey) request limited to $400 million
1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Freedom of speech, religious toleration, & protection against arbitrary gov., as well as standard of living & access to housing, education, & medical care; but it had no enforcement mechanism
United Nations Charter
Prohibits discrimination based on race, sex, or religion
1947 Marshall Plan
A US program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe. Created by Secretary of State George Marshall
1948 Berlin Airlift
airlift that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
Totalitarianism
A political system in which the government has total control over the lives of individual citizens including economic, social and cultural aspects
McCarran Internal Security Bill 1950
required "subversive" groups to register w/ gov., allow the denial of passports to members, & authorized their deportation/detention on presidential order
1950 McCarran Internal Security Act
Barred totalitarians from entering US
McCarran-Walter Act of 1952
Kept immigration quotas based on nat. origins in place, authorized deportation of immigrants identified as communists
Operation Wetback 1954
military invasion of Mexican-American neighborhoods & round-up & deport illegal aliens
Level 251