Level 250
Level 251

Western Society & Eastern Europe During the Cold W


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Truman Doctrine
Truman Doctrine 1947 - Stated that the U.S. would support any nation threatened by Communism.
Marshall Plan
Marshall Plan Introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall in 1947, he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism.
berlin airlift
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
In 1949, the United States, Canada, and ten European nations formed this military mutual-defense pact. In 1955, the Soviet Union countered NATO with the formation of the Warsaw Pact, a military alliance among those nat…
Containment
Containment foreign policy towards communism is containment
brinkmanship
..., A policy of threatening to go to war in response to any enemy aggression.
flexible response
President Kennedy's Cold War foreign policy
Domino Theory
President Eisenhower's theory that if Vietnam fell communist, other countries would also soon fall communist; like dominoes. Therefore, it was important to keep Vietnam from falling communist
Détente
A lessening of tensions between U.S. and Soviet Union. Besides disarming missiles to insure a lasting peace between superpowers, Nixon pressed for trade relations and a limited military budget.
human rights
The basic rights given to all people.
escalation and military build up
President Reagan's Cold War foreign policy
44%
percentage of women working by the 1970s
Betty Friedan
1921-2006. American feminist, activist and writer. Best known for starting the "Second Wave" of feminism through the writing of her book "The Feminine Mystique".
new feminism
idea that that emphasized equality and downplayed domestic roles
Andy Warhol
U.S. pop artist known for his paintings of Campbell's soup cans
Greece, Albania, Yugoslavia
exceptions to Soviet control
man who ruled Yugoslavia
Josip Broz Tito (Marshall Tito)
Czechoslovakia
country that tried to create democratic communism but failed
Solidarity
Polish trade union created in 1980 to protest working conditions and political repression, first non communism trading union. It began the nationalist opposition to communist rule that led in 1989 to the fall of communism in eastern Europe.
Lech Walsea
leader of solidarity
Alexander Solzhenitsyn
man who wrote The Gulag Archipelago and exposed the harsh reality of gulags
Level 252