Level 258
Level 259

Conflicts in Africa

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Conflict in Sudan
A guerrilla conflict centered in the Darfur region of Sudan. It began when groups took up arms, accusing the Sudanese government of oppressing non-Arab Sudanese.
Ivory Trade
The commercial, often illegal trade in the ivory tusks of animals, most commonly elephants.
The main cause is a serious food shortage. There is a drought in Africa bringing in low harvests.
AIDS Pandemic
AIDS is a major public health concern and cause of death in many parts of Africa. It is estimated to be home to 69% of all people living with HIV.
Sierra Leone and the RUF
Began when the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) tried to overthrow the Joseph Momoh government. The resulting civil war lasted 11 years and left over 50,000 dead.
Endangered Species and Poaching
An endangered species is a animal facing a very high risk of extinction. Poaching is the unlawful killing of such animals.
Somalia and Pirates
Piracy off the coast of Somalia has been a threat to international shipping and have driven up costs of shipping.
Drought, Desertification
Severe drought and deforestation has been affecting Africa and has caused a severe food crisis.
Mineral Wealth and the Diamond Trade
Mineral resources are abundant throughout the region. In some countries, revolutionary groups have taken control of diamond mines, using money from diamond sales to finance their operations.
Nigerian Oil Conflict
An arms group declared war with the Nigeria and the oil corporations and threatened to disrupt oil production activities through attacks on wells and pipelines.
Conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea
A conflict based on continuing border dispute resulting in many deaths.
Conflict in Rwanda
A genocidal mass slaughter that took place in 1994 in Rwanda. Over the course of approximately 100 days over 500,000 people were killed.
Fighting between different clans of the same tribe. Situation is close to anarchy (no govt.; no control). There is also conflict due to Somalian pirates.
Sierra Leone
Child Soldiers
Child Soldiers. Idi Amin, responsible for 500,000 deaths in 7 years. Lord's resistance army.
Most successful story of democratic rebublic. But there is still ethnic violence.
Conflict over the Niger Delta
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Refugees came here creating conflict.
Level 260