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Cultural, linguistic, religious diversity within African nations was due to Europeans' _______ of political borders between countries.
African National Congress
The _______ emerged as the main party opposed to apartheid in S. Africa.
(March 21, 1960) township, by Johannesburg. Pan Africanist Congress led campaign of blacks to surrender themselves for arrest and led to small clashes and then the police firing, killing and wounding up to 70 African non-violent protestors.
_______ was the S. African leader of the ANC who spent 30 years in prison.
_______ severely restrict the African majority in S. Africa after independence in 1910.
Hutu & Tutsis
In Rwanda & Burundi, these 2 ethnic groups exist.
International pressures on S. Africa in the 1980s, along with _______ brought an end to apartheid in S. Africa.
Under the apartheid Africans were not allowed to own _______
Nelson Mandela became S. Africa's _______ in 1994.
Under the apartheid, Africans couldn't _______ certain restaurants, beaches, schools
Under the apartheid, Africans were not allowed to _______ whites.
In 1990, the _______ on the ANC was lifted.
Under the apartheid, Africans were forced to obtain _______ to travel
The leading spokesman of passive resistance to apartheid in the 1980's. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983 for his attempts to replace apartheid with a racially equal South African society.
When many African Nations gained independence in the 1950s & 60s, _______ was hard to achieve because of wide cultural, language, religious diversity & conflicts.
After Rwanda independence, _______ violence toward Tutsis increased.
Under the apartheid, Africans were treated like _______.
In 2005, voters in Burundi approved a _______ tht guaranteed Hutus & Tutsis participation in the government & military.
F.W. de Klerk
Elected as the last white South African president in 1989. He legalized the African National Congress and also released Nelson Mandela from prison. This started a new era in South Africa and worked with the ANC to end apartheid
Apartheid policy was designed to keep descendants of Europeans _______.
Who killed Prime Minister Rabin
_______ hit S. Africa really hard & continues to today.
The _______ ethnic group is Hutu.
S. Africa continues to be challenged by an income & edu _______ between those of Euro descent & those of African descent.
allowed to vote
In 1994, S. Africans of every race were _______ for the 1st time.
Since 1955, there have been 2 _______ in Sudan (now 2 countries).
Rwanda in 1994, Tutsi army set up a _______.
when Hutu leader was killed in 1994 civilians were urged to turn on _______.
In 1990 Nelson Mandela was _______ from prison.
when S. Africa gained independence in 1910, only _______ had freedom, governed country, allowed to own land
paid less than
Under the apartheid, Africans were _______ whites.
killed by police
In 1960 in S. Africa, 69 protestors were _______ in Sharpeville Massacre.
a system of legal racial segregation enforced by the National Party government in South Africa between 1948 and 1994, under which the rights of the majority black inhabitants of South Africa were curtailed and mino…
African country whose leader was killed in plane crash in 1994.
_______ gained independence from Britain in 1910.