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a system of legal racial segregation enforced by the National Party government in South Africa between 1948 and 1994, under which the rights of the majority black inhabitants of South Africa were curtailed and mino…
State of Emergency
a period when the government has more control and people have fewer rights
a government in power
struggle by native African people to gain their independence from European countries
group which planned ways Africans could achieve economic strength, political independence and peace
country ruled by another country
below the Sahara desert
Egypt, Ethiopia, Liberia
only 3 African countries fully independent at the end of WWII
First Sub-Saharan African country to gain independence
Year of Africa because 17 nations gained their independence
Afrikaner National Party
White regime that tried to keep white hegemony over South Africa
African National Congress
The _______ emerged as the main party opposed to apartheid in S. Africa.
Population Registration Act
made all South Africans register as either white, black or colored.
Bantu Authorities Act
set up African reservations called 'homelands'
Public Safety and Criminal Law Amendment Act
allows the government to declare states of emergency and increase penalties for protesting
South Africa, Leader of the African National Congress who was jailed for his opposition to apartheid. He was later elected president in 1994 when free elections were established, and was instrumental in a new democr…
complete and total control