Level 262
Level 263

Democracy in Africa


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Apartheid
a system of legal racial segregation enforced by the National Party government in South Africa between 1948 and 1994, under which the rights of the majority black inhabitants of South Africa were curtailed and mino…
Dominate
control
Homelands
African reservations
State of Emergency
a period when the government has more control and people have fewer rights
Regime
a government in power
Exile
To banish
African Nationalism
struggle by native African people to gain their independence from European countries
Pan-African Movement
group which planned ways Africans could achieve economic strength, political independence and peace
colony
country ruled by another country
Sub-Saharan
below the Sahara desert
Egypt, Ethiopia, Liberia
only 3 African countries fully independent at the end of WWII
Ghana
First Sub-Saharan African country to gain independence
1960
Year of Africa because 17 nations gained their independence
Afrikaner National Party
White regime that tried to keep white hegemony over South Africa
African National Congress
The _______ emerged as the main party opposed to apartheid in S. Africa.
Population Registration Act
made all South Africans register as either white, black or colored.
Bantu Authorities Act
set up African reservations called 'homelands'
Public Safety and Criminal Law Amendment Act
allows the government to declare states of emergency and increase penalties for protesting
Nelson Mandela
South Africa, Leader of the African National Congress who was jailed for his opposition to apartheid. He was later elected president in 1994 when free elections were established, and was instrumental in a new democr…
Hegemony
complete and total control
Level 264