Level 273
Level 274

Creating Colonies & French & Indian War


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1607
settlement of Jamestown, VA
1620
settlement of Plymouth
1215
writing of the Magna Carta
1619
establishment of the House of Burgesses
1689
English Bill of Rights and Glorious Revolution
John Smith
Helped found and govern Jamestown. His leadership and strict discipline helped the Virginia colony get through the difficult first winter.
Puritans
significant grouping of English Protestants who believed that the Church of England was corrupt and that true Christians must separate themselves from it
quakers
members of the religious society of friends; believed in equality for all men and women, nonviolence, and resistance to military service. they believed that religious authority was found within each persons soul and no…
William Penn
an English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, early Quaker and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony and the future Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. He was an early champion of democracy and relig…
Roger Williams
English Protestant theologian who was an early proponent of religious freedom and the separation of church and state. In 1636, he began the colony of Providence Plantation, which provided a refuge for religious minorities. sta…
Lord Baltimore
the first person to dream of a colony in America where Catholics and Protestants could prosper together.
King George III
King of England. The Declaration of Independence was written as a list of grievances against him.
Sons of Liberty
American patriots from pre-independence NA-British colonies. Formed to protect rights of colonists and to take fight against the abuses of the British government. Known for undertaking the Boston Tea Party in 1773 in reactio…
Samuel Adams
From Massachusetts, he was one of the leaders of the radical faction and was even more radical than his cousin
Patrick Henry
A young member of the Virginia House of Burgesses Persuaded them to take action against the Stamp Act
Thomas Paine
Author of Common Sense. Called for complete independence from Britian
George Washington
Unanimously chosen to be the leader of the Continental Army
Paul Revere
The more renowned of the colonial riders who warned of the British march to Concord
indentured servant
they were under contract with a master or landowner who paid for their passage, young people from the British Isles agreed to work for a specified period in return for room and board. They …
Mercantilism
economic nationalism for the purpose of building a wealthy and powerful state. It enriches the country by restraining imports and encouraging exports. The goal was supposedly to achieve a "favorable" balance of trade that w…
Toleration Act
Maryland, first to give religious freedom to all
New England Region
cold, rocky thin soil, made living fishing, shipbuilding, trading
Middle Colonies Region
warm climate, hilly grassland, made their living farming and trading
Southern Colony Region
hot climate, flat rich soil, made their living farming
plantation
large farm of the south usually worked by many slaves
tobacco
first cash crop of the south
Breadbasket Colonies
nickname for middle colonies
Boston Massacre
people of Boston resented British troops, March 1770 a crowd harassed the guards of customs house, five people murdered, defended by John Adams and acquitted, Samuel Adams condemned it as a "massacre"
Proclamation Act of 1763
line drawn on the western edge of the colonies which the colonists were not allowed to cross
triangular trade
after royal african company's monopoly of the slave trade expired, new england merchants followed a triangular (3 part) trade route; a ship with rum left boston and went to west africa, it then woul…
Boycott
an act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest, usually for social or political reasons. Sometimes, it can be a form of consumer activism.
French and Indian war
War in North America between French and British. (aided by N.A.) British conquered.
Albany Plan of Union
1754 Congress for seven colonies, plan developed by Benjamin Franklin provided an intercolonial government and a system for recruiting troops and collecting taxes, common defense, never took effect, set precedent soon
Mayflower Compact
the first governing document of Plymouth Colony. It was written by the Separatists, also known as the "Saints", fleeing from religious persecution by King James of Great Britain
Virginia House of Burgesses
George Washington was elected to this near the end of the war.
Magna Carta
Great Charter forced upon King John of England by his barons in 1215; established that the power of the monarchy was not absolute and guaranteed trial by jury and due process of law to the nobility
English Bill of Rights
An act that reduced the powers of the monarch and increased those of Parliament
Level 275