Level 275
Level 276

Growth of the Thirteen Colonies


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common
A piece of land that faced the meetinghouse.
Subsistence Farming
Small-scale farming which focuses on growing only enough food to provide for the family; this type of farming was practiced in New England
triangular trade
after royal african company's monopoly of the slave trade expired, new england merchants followed a triangular (3 part) trade route; a ship with rum left boston and went to west africa, it then woul…
Middle Passage
the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of people from Africa were shipped to the New World as part of the Atlantic slave trade. Ships departed Europe for Africa to get slaves, …
cash crop
a crop grown to be sold
Tidewater
A region of flat, low-lying plains along the seacoast where many Southern plantations were located.
backcountry
A region of hills and forests west of the Tidewater near the Appalachian Mountains.
slave codes
Laws that controlled the lives of enslaved african americans and denied them basic rights
Export
To sell goods abroad; ship goods out of a country.
Import
To buy goods from foreign markets; to bring goods into a country.
Charter colony
the King grants to the colonial government establishing the rules under which the colony was to be governed.
Proprietary colony
A colony owned and ruled by the same person.
Royal colony
a colony governed directly by the crown through a governor and council appointed by it
militia
A militia is a small army made up of ordinary citizens who are ready to fight in an emergency.
alliance
When two people or countries decide that they will be friends and will defend each other.
Glorious Revolution
The bloodless accession of William and Mary to the throne of England after James II fled to England
smuggling
illegal trade
apprentice
a trainee in the guild system
George Washington
Unanimously chosen to be the leader of the Continental Army
Albany Plan of Union
1754 Congress for seven colonies, plan developed by Benjamin Franklin provided an intercolonial government and a system for recruiting troops and collecting taxes, common defense, never took effect, set precedent soon
Edward Braddock
A British Major General, he was killed at the Battle of Monongahela.
William Pitt
(1708-1778), Prime Minister of Great Britain 1766-1768; often known as _______ the Elder
Jeffrey Amherst
The British commander who conquered Montreal.
James Wolfe
The British commander who conquered Quebec.
The Treaty of Paris
Britain would recognize the Existence of the US as an independent nation.
The Proclamation of 1763
Which declaration set the Appalachian Mountains as the temporary western boundary for the colonies, and prohibited the colonists' plans for westward expansion.
Pennsylvania
Where did most German immigrants settle?
Why did colonists disapprove of the Albany Plan of Union?
Colonies were not willing to give up any of their power.
How did the British victory over the French affect the Native Americans of the Ohio River valley?
The British victory over the French hurt the Native Americans because they lost their French allies and trading partners.
france
epicenter of the enlightenment
rice
The most profitable cash crop in South Carolina and Georgia was _______.
Pontiac
chief of the Ottawa tribe in the northern Ohio region. attacked Britain, which was a major cause to creating the Proclamation of 1763
As an economic resource.
How did England view its North American colonies?
France & Britain
Which two countries fought against each other in the French and Indian War?
Mercantilism
economic nationalism for the purpose of building a wealthy and powerful state. It enriches the country by restraining imports and encouraging exports. The goal was supposedly to achieve a "favorable" balance of trade that w…
Describe the Triangular trade in detail.
1. The West Indies sent sugar & molasses to the colonies.
They established an English Bill of Rights that gave certain basic rights to all citizens.
What did William and Mary do in 1689 that had an effect on later American government?
The Navigation Acts
What act made it so that colonists were not allowed to trade with anyone beside England?
They began smuggling.
How did colonists react to the Navigation Acts?
The Magna Carta
A treaty signed by King John of England in 1215.
Describe the role of men in the 1740's.
Men were the formal heads of household and represented their family in the community. Men worked in fields and built barns, houses and fences.
Describe the role of women in the 1740's.
Married women ran their households and raised children. Many women worked in the fields alongside their husbands.
Describe the role of boys in the 1740's.
Boys worked as indentured servants for farmers, or as apprentices.
Describe the role of unmarried women in the 1740's.
Young, unmarried women worked as maids or cooks. Widowed women worked as teachers, nurses or seamstresses. Unmarried women and widowed women could both run businesses or own property, but could not vote.
How did the Iroquois initially remain independent from both the British and the French?
The Iroquois formed a confederacy of Native American nations. They traded with both the British and the French.
How did the Iroquois become allies with the British?
The British pressured the Iroquois to give them trading rights, and as a result, the Iroquois became allies of the British.
List three reasons why the French and the Native Americans were allies.
1. The French men often married Native American women and followed their customs.
Why were Britain and France fighting?
1. Britain wanted control of French land claims in America.
Why did Pontiac want the Native Americans to join forces?
Britain was threatening the Native Americans' way of life by moving onto their land, so Pontiac asked Native Americans to join forces and fight Britain.
How did colonists feel about the Proclamation of 1763?
The Proclamation of 1763 angered colonists, because some people had paid for land west of the New England colonies, and now they wouldn't be able to move onto that land.
Why were the Middle Colonies more tolerant of religious and cultural differences than the New England colonies?
Most New England colonists were British, but many other settlers in the Middle Colonies were German, Dutch, or Swedish. Each country represented in the Middle Colonies had their own way of life. They spoke diffe…
Level 277