Level 285
Level 286

Road to Independence


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revenue
incoming money
writs of assistance
legal documents that enabled officers to search homes and warehouses for goods that might be smuggled.
The Stamp Act
In an effort to raise money, in 1765 Parliament passed this act which placed a tax on on all printed materials in the colonies. All printed materials had to have a stamp.
resolution
a formal expression of opinion
Sons of Liberty
American patriots from pre-independence NA-British colonies. Formed to protect rights of colonists and to take fight against the abuses of the British government. Known for undertaking the Boston Tea Party in 1773 in reactio…
effigies
rag figures. They represented unpopular tax collectors in the colonies.
Boycott
an act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest, usually for social or political reasons. Sometimes, it can be a form of consumer activism.
nonimportation agreements
the colonists pledged not to import or use goods imported from Great Britain.
repeal
To cancel a law. The Stamp Act
Stamp Act Congress
9 colonial delegates attended in an attempt discuss and ultimately do away with the Stamp Act in October 1765.
Daughters of Liberty
An organization formed by colonial women prior to the American Revolution. They got together to protest treatment of the colonies by their British rulers. They urged Americans to wear homemade fabrics and produce other g…
Proclamation of 1763
The purpose of the proclamation was to organize Great Britain's new North American empire and to stabilize relations with Native North Americans through regulation of trade, settlement, and land purchases on the western frontier.
Committee of Correspondence
A group set up in each of the colonies to quickly share information about taxes and other issues by writing letters to groups in the other colonies.
Treaty of Paris
Treaty signed in 1783, which provided for the following: (1) Britain would recognize the existence of the United States as an independent nation. (2) The Mississippi River would be the western boundary of that nat…
Battle of Lexington and Concord
The British Redcoats marches to Lexington to seize weapons from militias where fighting soon broke out: this became known as the first battle of the American Revolution.
militia
A militia is a small army made up of ordinary citizens who are ready to fight in an emergency.
Minutemen
The colonial militia of Lexington, which assembled on the village green to face the British after being warned. They also attacked British soldiers by the hundreds and fired at them from behind stone walls
patriot
American Colonists who wanted independence from Britain
loyalist
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence.
whig
British political party that favored the colonists independence; term also used to describe American patriots
Patrick Henry
A young member of the Virginia House of Burgesses Persuaded them to take action against the Stamp Act
Samuel Adams
From Massachusetts, he was one of the leaders of the radical faction and was even more radical than his cousin
King George III
King of England. The Declaration of Independence was written as a list of grievances against him.
John Adams
The younger cousin of Samuel Adams, a successful lawyer
George Washington
Unanimously chosen to be the leader of the Continental Army
Paul Revere
The more renowned of the colonial riders who warned of the British march to Concord
Benjamin Franklin
American philosophe
John Hancock
President of the Second Continental Congress
Thomas Paine
Author of Common Sense. Called for complete independence from Britian
navigation acts
England's government implemented a mercantilist policy with these acts (1650-1673)
Sugar Act
(1764) British deeply in debt partly to French & Indian War. English Parliament placed a tariff on sugar, coffee, wines, and molasses. colonists avoided the tax by smuggling and by bribing tax collectors.
stamp act
1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
Declaratory Act
The American Colonies Act 1766: an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain. The declaration stated that Parliament's authority was the same in America as in Britain and asserted Parliament's authority to pass laws …
Townshend Act
Numerous taxes that were placed on American colonists
Boston Massacre
people of Boston resented British troops, March 1770 a crowd harassed the guards of customs house, five people murdered, defended by John Adams and acquitted, Samuel Adams condemned it as a "massacre"
Boston Tea Party
Americans refused to buy cheaper tea because doing so would recognize Parliament's right to tax colonies, tea on ship had no buyers, Sons of Liberty boarded the ship, dumped 342 chests of tea into…
The Battle of Lexington
April 19,1775-Led by Captian John Parker a group of 70 minutemen encountered British redcoats. 8 minutemen died.
The Battle of Concord
April 19, 1775- As the British marched from Concord to Boston the Colonial militia lined the road firing upon them. When the British reached Boston 73 men were dead.
First Continental Congress
colonies sent delegates to Philidelphia to decide h to react to Threats to their liberties.
Second Continental Congress
Congress that met in Philadelphia in May 1775, which was divided between one group of delegates, mainly from New England, who thought the colonies should declare their independence, and another group, mainly from the mi…
Olive Branch Petition
Petition sent in July 1775 to King George III, in which the colonies pledged their loyalty and asked the king to intercede with Parliament to secure peace and the protection of colonial rights
Battle of Bunker Hill
The British won the battle but suffered heavy losses (1,000 dead). The British learned that defeating the Americans would not be easy.
Level 287