Level 292
Level 293

Revolutionary War & Declaration of Independence


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Lexington and concord
The first skirmishes in two cities in which the first shot of the American Revolution was made; "the shot heard around the world"
Ticonderoga
American revolutionary troops captured Fort Ticonderoga from the British in and gained 50 cannons. Took Cannons to Bunker Hill.
Trenton
Battle on Christmas day, 1776 in which Americans defeated Hessian (German) mercenaries. It boosted American morale greatly.
Valley Forge
After the loss of Philadelphia, Washington's demoralized troops suffered through the severe winter of 1777-1778 here in Philadelphia
Bunker and Breed's Hill
Hills that the colonists set up cannons from Fort Ticonderoga. British conquered but they had lost about 226 people and 800 people were injured.
Long Island/Brooklyn Heights
The Battle of Long Island, also known as the Battle of Brooklyn or the Battle of Brooklyn Heights, fought on August 27, 1776, was a defeat for the Continental Army under General George Washington…
Saratoga
1777 battle in New York state won by the Americans which convinced France to get involved in the American Revolution
Yorktown
1781 battle in Virginia that gave Americans victory in the Revolutionary War
Declaration of Independence
This document stated that power came from the people (popular sovereignty) and listed the grievances (what we were mad about) and said that the United States was free from Great Britain
Articles of Confederation
This document was the first form of government for the United States. It set up a confederation and the federal government had very little power. All the power was in the hands of the states.
Treaty of Paris
Treaty signed in 1783, which provided for the following: (1) Britain would recognize the existence of the United States as an independent nation. (2) The Mississippi River would be the western boundary of that nat…
Common Sense
Thomas Paine published this pamphlet that argued for the colonies to sever all ties with Britain; It was against "common sense" for a large country to be governed by a small, distance country.
The American Crisis
Pamphlet penned by Common Sense author Thomas Paine, containing the famous line "These are the times that try men's souls."
Thomas Jefferson
drafted the Constitution; shared Locke's ideas
George Washington
Unanimously chosen to be the leader of the Continental Army
Benedict Arnold
American General who was labeled a traitor when he assisted the British in a failed attempt to take the American fort at West Point.
John Locke
Wrote Two Treatises on Government as justification of Glorious Revolution and end of absolutism in England. He argued that man is born good and has rights to life, liberty, and property. To protect these rig…
Baron Von Steuben
A stern, Prussian drillmaster that taught American soldiers during the Revolutionary War how to successfully fight the British.
Thomas Paine
Author of Common Sense. Called for complete independence from Britian
Lord Charles Cornwallis
Commander of British troops in the South, best known for his defeat at the Battle of Yorktown.
Paul Revere
The more renowned of the colonial riders who warned of the British march to Concord
Count de Rochambeau
French general sent to America with a 6,000 soldier army to help the Americans against the British
Loyalists
Also known as Tories, these colonists maintained their allegiance to the king. Almost 60,000 fought and died next to British soldiers, supplied them with arms and food, and joined in raiding parties that pillaged Pat…
Continental Army
Army authorized by the Continental Congress to fight the British; commanded by General George Washington.
petition
A formal request for government action
obvious
Self Evident
Patriots
The estimated 40% of the American population who joined actively in the struggle against Britain, in the Revolutionary War. The largest numbers were from the New England states and Virginia. Most of the soldiers …
Unalienable Rights
A basic human right which cannot be taken away by government, and in Ben Franklin's view, also cannot be given away by the person, was stated in the Declaration of Independence.
Tyrant
A cruel and oppressive ruler
Level 294