Level 295
Level 296

Declaration of Independence


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The Declaration of Independence
What is the document that announced that the colonies were breaking away from Great Britain and explained why?
Second Continental Congress
Congress that met in Philadelphia in May 1775, which was divided between one group of delegates, mainly from New England, who thought the colonies should declare their independence, and another group, mainly from the mi…
minuteman
What is a Patriot volunteer who was paid and trained to be ready to fight at a minute's notice?
militia
A militia is a small army made up of ordinary citizens who are ready to fight in an emergency.
equality
When people are treated the same and get the same amount of money, rights, etc.
What were the 3 tasks of the Second Continental Congress?
organize colonies for war against Great Britain, appoint a leader of the Continental Army, decide to declare independence or not
Thomas Paine
Author of Common Sense. Called for complete independence from Britian
Why was the booklet Common Sense important?
It encouraged colonists to declare independence from Great Britain.
Thomas Jeffereson
Who wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence?
John Adams, Ben Franklin, Robert Livingston, and Roger Sherman
Who was on the committee to review the draft of the Declaration?
John Hancock
President of the Second Continental Congress
George Washington
Unanimously chosen to be the leader of the Continental Army
July 4, 1776
When was the Declaration of Independence approved and signed?
We have the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness and those rights cannot be taken away.
The second excerpt of the Declaration of Independence states that all men are created equal and we have unalienable rights. What does this mean?
document
a written work containing information
declaration
a document that contains an official statement
British
Someone/thing from England.
empire
a kingdom that rules several other lands
Parliament
A legislature consisting of the house of lords and the houese of commons, half were elected while half were appointed
colony
country ruled by another country
tax
money people are required to pay to the government
stamp act
1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
Sons of Liberty
American patriots from pre-independence NA-British colonies. Formed to protect rights of colonists and to take fight against the abuses of the British government. Known for undertaking the Boston Tea Party in 1773 in reactio…
representation
This would give the third estate greater...
delegate
a person chosen or elected to vote or act for others; a representative
Continental Congress
13 delegates from the Thirteen Colonies who governed the U.S. during the American Revolution
draft
law requiring certain people to serve in the miltary
rights
something everyone is morally or legally allowed to have, get, or do
independence
Austria wants what from Dutch?
complaint
a statement that you are unhappy with something
army
a large group of soldiers trained to fight on land
revolution
When people decide they don't like their government and use violence to get rid of it so they can make a new government.
previously
earlier; before
repeal
To cancel a law. The Stamp Act
policy
an accepted set of rules about how something should be done
rebellious
going against authority
establish
To start a business or group.
parallelism
the repetition of grammatically similar words, phrases, clauses, or sentences.
prudence
sound judgement
transient
temporary
expunge
erase; remove
abdicated
stepped down from power
confiscation
seizure of property by authority
magnanimity
nobility of spirit
acquiesce
accept quietly
pusillanimous
cowardly; lacking courage
censures
strong, disapproving criticisms
inalienable
rights that cannot be taken away
usurpations
acts of unlawful or forceful seizure of property, power, rights and the like
evinces
indicates; makes clear
assent
agreement
naturalization
process by which foreigners become citizens
mercenaries
a soldier who is payed to fight for another country or group (don't have enough soldiers) so they can go pay for others but it can be bad because they can be bought off…
perfidy
betrayal of trust
opprobrium
shameful conduct
consanguinity
kinship; family relationships
tenure
length of time that an office is held
Level 297