Level 296
Level 297

Thomas Jefferson: Manifest Destiny


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John Adams
The younger cousin of Samuel Adams, a successful lawyer
Thomas Jefferson
drafted the Constitution; shared Locke's ideas
Manifest Destiny
The belief the the U.S. not only had the divine (God-given) right, but that God meant for the U.S. to expand from coast to coast - from the Atlantic Ocean in the East to the Pacific in the West.
Lewis and Clark
Sent on an expedition by Jefferson to gather information on the United States' new land and map a route to the Pacific. They kept very careful maps and records of this new land acquired from the Louisiana Purchase.
Alien and Sedition Acts
authorized the president to deport any aliens considered dangerous and to detain any enemy aliens in a time of war and made it illegal for newspaper editors to criticize either the president or Congress and imposed heavy penalties
Louisiana Purchase
Napoleon sold Louisiana territory for $15 million, hurt British
Economic benefits of Louisiana Purchase
Gained full control of the Mississippi River and the Port of New Orleans
SECTIONALISM
Key Term for the Civil War
Eli Whitney
invented the cotton gin
Missouri Compromise
1850- Slavery could not extend to states above the 36, 30 line.
Monroe Doctrine
1823 - Written by President Monroe's Secretary of State John Adams. Declared that Europe should not interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere and that any attempt at interference by a European power w…
John Marshall
A federalist appointed by president John Adams as chief justice of the supreme court; ruled on many cases that would give the federal government more power over time
Jeffersonian Republicanism
In favor of farmers, strong state governments, low taxes, individual rights, small national government
tariff
a tax on imported goods
Andrew Jackson
President from (1829-1833) and (1833-1837), Indian removal act, nullification crisis, Old Hickory," first southern/ western president," President for the common man, spoils system, trail of tears,
Spoils system
(AJ) system in which incoming political parties (Jackson) throw out former government workers and replace them with their own friends and those who support them
McCullogh v. Maryland
Supreme Court ruling: states had no right to interfere with federal institutions within their borders; strengthened federal power; national bank is constitutional
Worcester v Georgia
case where the state of Georgia tried to remove the Cherokee Indians, but Congress said it was illegal to remove them off their own land
Indian Removal Act
Under Andrew Jackson's presidency; (1830) a congressional act that authorized the removal of Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River
Trail of Tears
(1838-39) an 800-mile forced march made by the Cherokee from their homeland in Georgia to Indian Territory; resulted in the deaths of almost one-fourth of the Cherokee people
nullification
The doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal law that, in the state's opinion, violates the Constitution.
Erie Canal
A canal between the New York cities of Albany and Buffalo, completed in 1825. The canal, considered a marvel of the modern world at the time, allowed western farmers to ship surplus crops to …
impressment
British practice of taking American sailors from American ships and forcing them into the British navy; a factor in the War of 1812.
War of 1812
Great Britain vs. US, 1812 to 1814
Level 298