Level 307
Level 308

Closing the Frontier 1866-1888


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Treaty
a formal agreement between two or more countries
extinction
the complete destruction of animal species; in U.S. History the American bison (buffalo) was driven to near extinction as part of a tactic to defeat the Native Americans of the Great Plains who used…
vaqueros
The Spanish word for cowboys; they developed skills roping, riding, herding and branding.
lariat
a long rope used by Spanish Cowboys to round up cattle from horseback
Quarantine
When people are placed in isolation to prevent the spread of infectious disease.
drovers
person who moves livestock to market
remuda
a group of spare horses used by Cowboys to ensure that their all their horses stayed fresh and did not wear out
mustang
wild horses that roamed the Texas plains in the plains in the thousands since the 1500s when they were brought by the Spanish
enclosures
fenced in areas where helped to both protect and control the breeding of animals
felony
a serious crime that usually results in a jail sentence; Texas makes cutting fences a felony in 1884
dragoons
mounted soldiers in the U.S. Army
Guerilla
Not regular army; uses barbaric tactics to do whatever they can to win. used by both sides
desperados
reckless and bold outlaws
Level 309