Level 308
Level 309

Settling the West


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Prospector
a person searching for gold, silver, or other mineral resources.
boom
a time of fast economic or population growth
bust
a time of fast economic decline
homesteaders
people who claimed free land granted by the US government with the Homestead Act.
Reservations
Areas of federal land set aside for American Indians.
transcontinental railroad
A railroad extending from coast to coast. Completed in 1869 at Promontory, Utah, it linked the eastern railroad system with California's railroad system, revolutionizing transportation in the west.
skyscrapers
tall steel framed buildings.
Petroleum
Oil
labor union
a workers' group that fights for better working conditions and pay
strike
when workers refuse to work until employees meet their demands.
collective bargaining
The process of negotiating as a group.
Time Zone
a region in which a single time is observed
Tenements
The poorly built, overcrowded housing where many immigrants lived.
reformer
someone who tries to change society
Settlement House
A community center that provided social services to the urban poor.
16th Amendment
creates a federal income tax
17th Amendment
Direct election of U.S. senators
18th Amendment
Prohibits the sale of alcohol.
19th Amendment
Gave women the right to vote.
Level 310