Level 314
Level 315

Revolution & the Constitution: 1776-1789


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Articles of Confederation take effect, 1781
served as the written document that established the functions of the national government of the United States after it declared independence from Great Britain. It established a weak central government
Northwest Ordinance, 1787
the act of Congress in 1787 providing for the government of the Northwest Territory and setting forth the steps by which its territories might become states
Constitutional Convention, 1787
the convention in Philadelphia (1787) of representatives from each of the former Colonies, except Rhode Island, at which the Constitution of the United States was framed.
Great Compromise
Connecticut Plan, provided for bicameral legislature, equal representation in Senate, House of Representatives would be proportional to population size
3/5ths Compromise
a compromise between Southern and Northern states reached during the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 in which three-fifths of the population of slaves would be counted for representation and tax purposes
Federalists
those who supported the Constitution and a strong federal government, most numerous on Atlantic Coast
Articles of Confederation
This document was the first form of government for the United States. It set up a confederation and the federal government had very little power. All the power was in the hands of the states.
Shay's Rebellion
Daniel led a group of men to shut down court in Springfield, MA
Constitutional Convention
meeting to revise the Articles of Confederation, but resulted in the writing of the Constitution, instead
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Ordinance that was passed by Congress and set the rules of creating new states. This was for the large territory lying between the Great Lakes and the Ohio River. It granted limited self-government to…
Popular Sovereignty
Let the people decide on whether slavery should be allowed in territories through voting.
Bill of Rights
Recognized by William and Mary which limited the powers of the monarchy, prohibited Catholics from occupying he throne and guaranteed the role of Parliament in government
Congress
A group of leaders who decide what the law should be.
Anti federalists
were worried that the Constitution did not have a Bill of Rights or gave too much power to the national government opposed to the Constitution
Federalists Papers
collection of writings about why states should ratify the Constitution
James Madison
father of the Constitution;4th President of the United States; member of the Continental Congress and rapporteur at the Constitutional Convention in 1776; helped frame the Bill of Rights (1751-1836)
Separation of Powers
The sharing of the government's power; the power is divided equally between the three separate branches of the government.
Checks and Balances
Not wanting any ONE branch to get too powerful, the Founding Fathers gave each branch certain ways to limit the power of the other two.
Limited Government
The government only has certain powers that the people give it. For example, neither the Congress nor the President, nor the Courts have "unlimited" power to do whatever they want - they are "limited…
IMPLIED POWERS
Powers that are not actually expressed in the Constitution but are reasonably implied. "Necessary and Proper"
preamble
The introduction to the Constitution; We the People of the United States in order to form a more perfect union...
Amendments
Changes to the Constitution. 27 Amendments have been made
Level 316