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Level 32

Fall of Rome


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Roman Republic
the balanced constitution of Rome; featured an aristocratic senate, a panel of magistrates, and several popular magistrates
Roman Empire
an empire established by Augustus in 27 BC and divided in AD 395 into the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern or Byzantine Empire
Julius Caesar
..., Roman general and dictator. He was murdered by a group of senators and his former friend Brutus who hoped to restore the normal running of the republic.
Causes of the Fall of Rome
poor leadership, attacks by invaders, and a declining economy; groups of Germanic invaders from Northern Europe
Aquaducts
Structures built by the Romans to transport water
Roman Army
Important to the Romans; all land owners were required to serve in this; some official positions required 10 years of military service; organized into legions, with a cavalry supporting each legion; legions were divided into centuries of 80 men
Level 33