Level 319
Level 320

Constitutional Convention


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Articles of Confederation
This document was the first form of government for the United States. It set up a confederation and the federal government had very little power. All the power was in the hands of the states.
Legislative Branch
(Congress) Makes the laws. The two houses of the federal legislature are the House of Representatives (determined by population) and the Senate (has two senators from each state). Both representatives and senators are electe…
Executive Branch
(President) Executes the laws. When a law is passed, it is up to the President (through departments and agencies) to enforce the laws - make them happen. The President also makes appointments and deals …
judicial branch
part of government that interprets the law: court system
Shay's Rebellion
Daniel led a group of men to shut down court in Springfield, MA
Constitutional Convention
meeting to revise the Articles of Confederation, but resulted in the writing of the Constitution, instead
Alexander Hamilton
Delegate to the Constitutional Convention and leader of the Federalists; first secretary of the treasury.
Virginia Plan
Plan that addressed congressional representation in which James Madison proposed that large states such as Virginia and Pennsylvania should have proportionally more representatives in Congress than the smaller states such as New Jersey and Delaware
New Jersey Plan
Opposite of the Virginia Plan, it proposed a single-chamber congress in which each state had one vote. This created a conflict with representation between bigger states, who wanted control befitting their population, and smaller sta…
Great Compromise
Connecticut Plan, provided for bicameral legislature, equal representation in Senate, House of Representatives would be proportional to population size
Three-Fifths Compromise
counted each slave as three-fifths of a person for the purposes of determining a state's level of taxation and representation
reserved powers
rights which are not given to the national government but are given to the states
Separation of Powers
The sharing of the government's power; the power is divided equally between the three separate branches of the government.
Veto
A power that the Tribunes had when dealing with laws they felt were unjust for the Plebeians`
James Madison
father of the Constitution;4th President of the United States; member of the Continental Congress and rapporteur at the Constitutional Convention in 1776; helped frame the Bill of Rights (1751-1836)
Roger Sherman
CT delegate who proposed The Great Compromise
Federalists
those who supported the Constitution and a strong federal government, most numerous on Atlantic Coast
Anti-Federalists
opponents of the Constitution who favored a stronger state government, small farmers and westerners
Bill of Rights
Recognized by William and Mary which limited the powers of the monarchy, prohibited Catholics from occupying he throne and guaranteed the role of Parliament in government
concurrent powers
powers and actions which the national and state governments can both carry out
delegated powers
powers or actions which are only given to the national government
Popular Sovereignty
Let the people decide on whether slavery should be allowed in territories through voting.
republicanism
A philosophy of limited government with elected representatives serving at the will of the people.
Federalism
Dividing the government's power between the national and state governments.
Checks and Balances
Not wanting any ONE branch to get too powerful, the Founding Fathers gave each branch certain ways to limit the power of the other two.
individual rights
Principle of the Constitution which gives citizens of the U.S. personal liberties; many are stated in the first ten amendments, which are called the Bill of Rights
Limited Government
The government only has certain powers that the people give it. For example, neither the Congress nor the President, nor the Courts have "unlimited" power to do whatever they want - they are "limited…
preamble
The introduction to the Constitution; We the People of the United States in order to form a more perfect union...
inflation
a sustained increase in the price of goods and services over a period of time (think of an inflated balloon full of air)
Level 321