Level 323
Level 324

Penal Law: Article 10


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Offense
Conduct for which a sentence of imprisonment or a fine is given by any state or local law
Traffic Infraction
Any offense against the vehicle and traffic law
Violation
An offense, other than a "traffic infraction," for which a sentence of up to 15 days be imposed.
Misdemeanor
An offense, other than a "traffic infraction," for which a sentence of up to 15 days to 1 year may be imposed.
felony
a serious crime that usually results in a jail sentence; Texas makes cutting fences a felony in 1884
Crime
A misdemeanor or a felony
Person
A human being, private corporation, partnership or government.
Possess
To have physical possession of a tangible property.
Physical Injury
Impairment of physical condition or substantial pain.
Serious Physical Injury
Physical injury which creates a substantial risk of death, disfigurement or impairment of any bodily organ.
Deadly physical force
Physical force that is capable of causing death or other physical injury.
Deadly weapon
Any loaded weapon, knife, switchblade, metal/plastic knuckle readily capable of producing death or physical injury
Dangerous instrument
Any instrument, article or substance which, under the circumstances in which it is used, attempted to be used, or threatened to be used, is readily capable of causing death or serious physical injury, or any disabling chemical spray
Vehicle
A motor vehicle, trailer, or semi-trailer, snowmobile, aircraft or vessel.
Public Servant
Any elected or designated public officer or employee of the state.
Juror
A member of a jury sworn to hear testimony, review facts, and hand down a verdict on a case
Benefit
Any gain or advantage to the beneficiary.
Juvenile offender
a Person thirteen years of age who commits an act constituting murder in the 2nd degree
Child day care provider
Shall be defined as provided for in section 390 of the social services law.
Peace officer
A _______ may arrest an offender without a warrant for any offense committed in the presence or within his view.
Level 325