Level 32
Level 33

Christianity & the Fall of Rome


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Jesus of Nazareth
his life and sermons form the basis for Christianity
Mary and Joseph
The mother and father of Jesus Christ.
Pontius Pilate
Roman Governer who sentenced Jesus to death
Gospels
four books in the New Testament that tell the story of Christ's life and teachings
Apostles
Jesus 12 followers. In greek it means " a person sent forth"
disciples
the 12 followers of Jesus
Peter
disciple of Jesus and leader of the apostles
Saul of Taurus
Apostle who gets vision of Jesus and changes his name to Paul; Spreads Jesus' ideas
zealots
Jews that rose up in armed rebellion against Rome on the Masada; were unsuccessful
Masada
the fortress where the zealots tried to go up against the Roman army
Bishop
Person who presided over a priest, was a high church official responsible for everyone in his diocese
Pope
A bishop of Rome. began to claim authority over all other bishops
diocese
a church district under a bishop's authority
Bethlehem
a small town near Jerusalem on the west bank of the Jordan River; where Jesus was born.
Nazareth
a historic town in northern Israel that is mentioned in the Gospels as the home of Joseph and Mary and where Jesus was raised.
martyr
a person who chooses to die for a cause he or she believes in
heresy
belief contrary to what the church believes
Diocletian
Emperor who set out to restore order after the end of the pax romana. He divided the empire into two part. The eastern of himself and the west for Maximian
Constantine
Who was the first Christian emperor of the Roman world?
Constantinople
Capital city of the Eastern Roman Empire
Edict of Milan
Edict granted by the emperor Constantine. It granted freedom to worship to all citizens in the roman empire
inflation
a sustained increase in the price of goods and services over a period of time (think of an inflated balloon full of air)
catacombs
Underground places of worship where christians could worship without being persecuted.
heretics
people who do not agree with church doctrine
cardinal
A high ranking official of the Roman Catholic church
priest
a person who performs religious rites (at a church)
Nicene Creed
a formal creed summarizing Christian beliefs
Theodosius
The Roman emperor who made Christianity the official religion of Rome
mercenaries
a soldier who is payed to fight for another country or group (don't have enough soldiers) so they can go pay for others but it can be bad because they can be bought off…
Commodus
Ancient Roman Emperor who succeeded his father, Marcus Aurelius, and began the decline of the Roman Empire.
Bread and Circus
what the emperor gave to entertain and feed the poor to stop rebellion
Odacer
Germanic leader ousted the emperor in Rome. (476)
Atilla the Hun
the general that united the Huns and destroyed much of Rome
Visigoths, Osrogoths, Vandals
the barbaric tribes that attacked Rome
Virgil
Classical Roman poet, author of Aenied
Tacitus
Roman historian who wrote the Annals
Pompeii
ancient city southeast of Naples that was buried by a volcanic eruption from Vesuvius
Level 34