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Who are the authors of the Federalist?
James Madison, John Jay and Alexander Hamilton
charles ii wanted to consolidate the crown's holdings along the Atlantic coast and close the gap between the New England and Chesapeake colonies. the dutch had give up New Amsterdam, Manhattan Island and the Hudson River.
To persuade anti-federalists of the necessity of ratifying the Constitution
What was the original purpose of the publication of essays contained in The Federalist?
When did the first Federalist essay appear in the newspaper?
The Independent Journal
What was the name of the newspaper in which the first Federalist essay appeared?
What political group most supported the ideas expressed in The Federalist?
a confederate republic
What form of government did The Federalists support?
persuasive propaganda and political philosophy
The Federalist is best described as what?
the Articles of Confederation
The Federalist argued in favor of the US Constitution to replace what document?
The Federalist argues that the first United States government was?
too weak to effictively defend the union and help it prosper
resolve conflicts over navigation
Delegates met at the Mt. Vernon convention to?
The result of the Annapolis Convention was?
a plan to appeal to all states to meet again to discuss broader reforms
Shays' Rebellion served to?
emphasize the weaknesses with the Articles of Confederation
The beginning of the Constitutional Convention can be described as?
a unified meeting between delegates eager to throw out the Articles of Confederation and re-design the government
What was responsible for ratifying the US Constitution?
the people of each state assembled in ratifying conventions
Who is Publius?
the founder of republican government in Ancient Rome
When did the US Constitution become officially ratified?
When New Hampshire, the 9th state, ratified it
father of the Constitution;4th President of the United States; member of the Continental Congress and rapporteur at the Constitutional Convention in 1776; helped frame the Bill of Rights (1751-1836)
Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry--Anti-federalist
Which leaders are correctly associated with their views on the US Constitution?
Secretary of Treasury
What was Alexander Hamilton's job?
Who killed Alexander Hamilton?
the central government had no authority to enforce its laws
What was one of the biggest weakness of the Articles of Confederation as described in The Federalist?
A strong energetic government
According to Publius, what is crucial to the security of liberty?
Articles of confederation?
1 state can prevent the other 12 from passing new legislation to strengthen the confederacy; 9 of 13 states, rather than a majority of the people must agree on policy for foreign affairs
A reliance on unity for the common defense
According to Publius, what is one thing that Americans have always had in common?
What is the most significant danger of a confederate government?
states will compete with each other over the commerce and territory
a confederacy of competing states
What type of government will most likely lead to a military dictatorship?
better understanding of political philosophy and government
What makes the American experiement with republican government better than the Greek and Roman attempts?
in favor of a confederate republic because extends the sphere of popular governnment without reducing its compactness
A confederate republic can best be described as?
an association of 2 or more states into one state without abolishing the separate organization of each state, making each state subordinate to the union
increased wealth and revenue, more cost-efficient government, decreased likelihood of factions
what are the advantages of a sgtrong union under the US Constitution?
What are the arguments in support of a standing army?
it is well trained and disciplined and prepared to defend the country
What was wrong with the system of requisitions and quotas under the Articles of Confederation?
It rested on an unfair system of taxation, it could not be enforced by Congress, it did not tax the people directly
What is wrong with each state having equal representation in the Confederation Congress?
it violates the concept of representative government because citizens of a populous state received less representation of their needs than citizens of a less populous state
On what grounds might the Articles of Confederation be invalid?
their ratification was performed by the individual states, not by a majority of the people and authority for government rests with the people
What is necessary to ensure the common defense?
enough power to be able to carry out the responsibility of providing for the common defense
Why is a state liek New York more burdened with the national defense than any other states?
it borders the frontier and is more likely to have to protect its borders from attacks that would harm the entire union
What best describes the system of taxation under the US Constitution?
concurrent powers of taxation, except for taxes on commerce that can only by levied by the national government
the national government will use the state tax collectors as much as possible
What argument does Publius use in response to the criticism that the people will be burdened with too many tax collectors?
Why will the government be composed of merchants, learned professions and landholders?
because the lower classes will naturally prefer to vote for someone of the upper class who will do a better job representing their interests
What is the difference between a federal government and a national government?
Although they both describe the central government, a federal government relies on the authority of the state and a national government relies on the authority of the people
executive election process--combination of federal and national
What accurately describes the part of the proposed government that is national and the part that is federal?
On what grounds was the Constitituion Convention justified in throwing out the Articles of Confederation?
resolutions of the Annapolis Convention and the Confederation Congress called for revisions to meet the needs of the nation
the legislative branch prohibits the slave trade after 1808
What power does the central government gain in regards to slavery under the US Constitution?
the rulles of naturalization will be uniform and not changed by different state
What power does the central government gain in regards to naturalization under the US Constitution?
According to Publius, what authority should the central government have over the capital?
all authority so that the central government does not become dependent on a subordinate state government
individual states must operate as republican governments
What requirements are placed on the governments of the individual states?
In what ways do the state governments benefit from the federal government?
federal government provides an impartial arbiter to interstate disputes and a stronger defense against invasion
Why is it significant that American citizens have the right to bear arms and European citizens do not?
American citizens can defend themselves against an abusive federal government that usurps their rights, and European citizens cannot
constituting or amounting to a whole; total
acts of initiating hostilities or invasions
similarity in some respects between things that are otherwise unlike; a comparison based on such similarity
to make or declare void or invalid
the act of setting apart for a specific use
established by a court or judge rather than a specific law or statute; based on whim; despotic
loss of civil rights, inheritance, property, etc. of a person sentenced to death or outlawed.
protection or support; patronage
auxiliary - adj.
giving assistance or support; helping
causing death, destruction, or ruin; harmful
an embankment raised as a defensive fortification
an arbitrary, impulsive, and often illogical notion or change of mind
To give up or transfer, especially by treaty or formal agreement.
to criticize severely; to blame
government founded on law and united by the agreement of the people
When the government comes and takes your land and/or your things away.
complicity; association with an improper or unlawful activity
those who vote for a political representative; components of the whole
possibility that must be prepared for
plan with cleverness and ingenuity
assemble formally; come together, usually for an official or public purpose
strengthen or support with other evidence; make more certain
corruption - 1
degrading or immoral practices
financial obligation on which payment is overdue
A political system where people are able to decide who their leader will be.
the act or process of exhibiting keen insight and good judgment
not straightforward or candid; crafty
formal expression of praise
to weaken or destroy the strength or vitality of
free from ignorance or prejudice
ex post facto
formulated, enacted, or operating retroactively
magnify beyond the fact; overstate
put into effect; carried out
to give a detailed statement; elucidate
fiat - 1
authorization or sanction; decree
faithfulness to obligations, duties, or observances
The Constitution includes a procedure for charging some federal officials with crimes and removing them from office. Impeachment ONLY means CHARGING a person with a crime - it does NOT mean they have been pr…
the act or business of bringing in from an outside source, especially from abroad for trade or sale
motive or tendency; sudden inclination to act without conscious thought
exemption from punishment, penalty, or harm
incapable of associating because of disharmony, incongruity, or antagonism
the remission by the pope of the temporal punishment in purgatory that is still due for sins even after absolution
the state or quality of being incapable of producing a desired effect or result
impossible to overcome
steadfast adherence to a strict ethical code; honesty
firmly and long established; deep-rooted
protected against abuse
peril or danger
the branch of the government that deals with the system of courts for the administration of justice
levy - v.
has force or influence; brings about an effect or change
fawning follower; servilely attentive flatterer and self-seeker
a large disorderly crowd of people usually bent on riotous or destructive action
frequent change; inconstancy
not hidden, concealed, or secret
betrayal of trust
to be present throughout
the effort or inclination to increase human well-being; the love of mankind in general
pique - n.
a state of vexation caused by a perceived slight or indignity
the number of votes cast for a candidate who recieves more than any other but does not recieve an absolute majority
exclusive right or privilege held by a person
an act or event so extraordinary or rare as to inspire wonder
representative - adj.
composed of people duly authorized, as by election, to act and speak for others
wholesome; favorable to health
sanction - n.
authoritative permission or approval that makes a course of action valid
having the ring of truth or plausibility but actually fallacious; deceptively attractive
characterize or brand as disgraceful
the course of thought that is retained through something spoken or written
susceptibility to bribery or corruption
sudden or unexpected change
to justify or prove the worth of; to defend, maintain, or insist on the recognition of one's rights
having great size, fullness, or number
luxury, elegance, and unrestricted pleasure of the senses
one who is fervently devoted, as to a leader or an ideal