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One of the most famous of the Federalist Papers, No. 51 addresses means by which appropriate checks and balances can be created in government and also advocates a separation of powers within the national government.
What question does Madison ask in his first? How does he answer it?
What method should we use, then, to maintain the necessary partition of power between the difference branches as laid down in the Constitution?
In what is "government itself the greatest of all reflections on human nature"?
Madison is recognizing that humans are capable of great things but are just as easily susceptible
It means the policy of correcting wrong and opposite interests or checks and balances
What does Madison mean when he refers to "the policy of supplying, by opposite and rival interests, the defect of better motives"?
To divide the legislative into two groups w/ different means of election and different representatives
What does Madison say is one remedy to ensure that the legislative branch, the strongest branch, does not abuse its power?
What is a compound republic? What is this double security?
Compound republic: where power is divided into state and federal governments. That are divided into separate branches
How does the federal organization of the American republic protect against the tyranny of the majority?
By creating a community and by recognizing society as diverse as possible to prevent such events
What lines in Federalist 51 echo Hobbes' words in Leviathan?