Level 34
Level 35

Legacy of the Roman Empire


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aquaduct
a pipe or raised channel built to carry water over a long distance
collapsed
to fail suddenly and completely
conflict
a disagreement or fight caused by opposing points of view
Constantine
Who was the first Christian emperor of the Roman world?
corruption
a pattern of illegal or immoral activities by government officials
decline
a slow breakdown or failure
document
a written work containing information
empire
a kingdom that rules several other lands
Mosaic
Picture made from colored stones or tiles
Philosophy
The study of human thought about the meaning of life and the natural world
proverb
a popular saying meant to express something wise or true
Roman Empire
an empire established by Augustus in 27 BC and divided in AD 395 into the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern or Byzantine Empire
scribe
a person trained to write or copy documents by hand
unique
one of a kind
Fighting among private armies.
Which method was commonly used to choose a new Roman emperor?
Slow communication.
What made the empire hard to defend as it grew?
The could not compete with large landowners who had slaves.
In the later empire, why did large numbers of Roman small farmers move to the cities?
Soldiers.
What protected the borders of the Roman Empire?
What even occurred in 330 C.E?
The Roman capital moves to Byzantium.
Constantine
Whose action reduced the importance of the city of Rome within the Roman Empire?
Germanic tribes overthrew the last emperor in the west.
What event marked the fall of Rome in 476 C.E?
Lifelike statues of famous people.
What type of Roman sculpture inspired some American artists?
Mosaic
Which term describes Roman artwork made from small pieces of tile, glass or colored stone?
They have arches and columns.
How can you tell a Roman structure from structures of other countries?
Water.
The Romans built aqueducts to carry
Roads.
Which engineering frat connected the city of Rome with territory throughout the empire?
French and Spanish.
Which languages are most closely related to Latin?
Prefixes and roots.
Which of the following describes how Latin most influences modern English?
Courage and self-control.
Which of these traits did the Stoics value most?
Citizens have certain rights and responsibilities.
Which feature of American democracy comes from the Romans?
forum
A Roman public meeting place
paterfamilias
father of the family Head of household in Ancient Rome
thermopolia
fast food stands of ancient Rome, selling various foods quickly and easily to many people, usually simple.
atrium
Central room in Wealthy Roman homes
lyre
An ancient harp used by ancient Romans
stylus
A pointed tool for writing or drawing or engraving
Colosseum
A large stadium in ancient Rome where athletic events took place
Circus Maximus
a Roman outdoor arena in which public games, such as chariot races, were held
chariot races
Etruscan sporting event involving horses and chariots
Christianity
Was a factor in the division of people as a factor of the fall of Rome
prefect
Roman ruler who ruled a province
Messiah
Anointed king sent by God
Gospel
Term meaning "good news". Usually refers to the 4 Gospels found in the New Testament.
evangelist
A person who proclaims the Good News of Jesus Christ. "The four Evangelists" refers to the authors of the four Gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
baptize
Ritual by which a person is welcomed into Christianity
ministry
Based on a word for "service," a way of caring for and serving others and helping the Church fulfill its mission. Ministry especially refers to the work of sanctification performed by those in Holy Or…
Disciple
someone who believes and helps to spread the doctrine of another
parable
A metaphor or simile drawn from nature or common life and told in a simple story or riddle; it uses comparisons to teach
crucifixion
A type of execution in which a person was nailed to a cross
Resurrection
(New Testament) the rising of Christ on the third day after the Crucifixion
Missionary
Someone who goes out to spread a religious message
patriotism
Love for one's country
hymns
songs of praise to God
Byzantium
A continuation of the Roman Empire in the Middle East after its division in 395
Constantinople
Capital city of the Eastern Roman Empire
Greco-Roman
The cultural mixing of both ancient Greek and Roman traditions.
fresco
A way (technique) of painting a mural where the artist paints on top of a layer of fresh, wet plaster. The painting on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel is one of these.
Patrons
People that encourage artists to create and support the artists financially.
Renaissance
The revival of ancient learning and the supplanting of traditional religious beliefs by new secular and scientific values that began in Italy in the 14th and 15th centuries.
cameo
gem carved to show a portrait
vault
An arched structure used to hold up a ceiling or roof
dome
Half-rounded roof
Pantheon
Domed temple that honors many Roman gods
Arc de Triomphe
Monument commemorating Napoleon's victories; built in 1836 and reminded people of Napoleon's legacy, allowing LP Bonaparte to get elected.
Stoicism
(philosophy) the philosophical system of the Stoics following the teachings of the ancient Greek philosopher Zeno
Marcus Aurelius
161-180. Stoic philosopher. Wrote Meditations, a collection of his thoughts.
Level 36