Level 359
Level 360

History of the Americas: American Wars


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War of 1812
Great Britain vs. US, 1812 to 1814
Causes of the War of 1812
impressment of US sailors, infringement of American trade on the seas, competition for control of the Great Lakes
President Madison, Andrew Jackson
Leaders of the War of 1812
Battles of the War of 1812
Great Lakes naval battles, the burning of Washington DC, New Orleans
Outcome of the War of 1812
the Treaty of Ghent did not solve the problems
Sun Yat-sen'd Three Principles of the People
a political philosophy to make China a free, prosperous, and powerful nation. The three principles are often translated into and summarized as nationalism, democracy, and the livelihood of the people.
Mexican War
Mexico vs. US, 1846-1848
Causes of the Mexican War
Manifest Destiny, conflict over the Texas border, expansion fever
Leaders of the Mexican War
President Polk, Zachary Taylor, Winfield Scott
Battles of the Mexican War
Mexico City, Bear Flag Revolt
Outcome of the Mexican War
the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo, in which the US gains Mexican Cession, later Gadsden Purchase
Civil War
Confederacy (the Southern states) vs. Union (the Northern states), 1861-1864
Causes of the Civil War
states' rights conflict, Dred Scott decision, economic regional differences, Lincoln's election, showdown at Fort Sumter
Leaders of the Civil War
President Lincoln, Generals Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, William T. Sherman, Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, and George B. McClellan
Battles of the Civil War
Fort Sumter, Antietam, Gettysburg, the March to the Sea ('Total War'), Vicksburg
Outcome of the Civil War
the Union reunited, the federal government strengthened, 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments passed, Reconstruction began
SECTIONALISM
Key Term for the Civil War
Spanish-American War
Spain vs. US and Cuba, 1898
Causes of the Spanish-American War
'yellow journalism', worldwide imperialism, Spain's oppression of Cuba, sinking of the USS Maine
Leaders of the Spanish-American War
President William McKinley, Assistant Secretary of the Navy and leader of the 'Rough Riders' Theodore Roosevelt, US Asiatic Squadron (later Admiral of the Navy) Geaorge Dewey
Battles of the Spanish-American War
San Juan Hill in Cuba, and Manila Bay in the Phillippines
Outcome of the Spanish-American War
the Treaty of Paris of 1898, in which the US gains the Phillippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam, Cuba is independent
World War I
the Allied Powers (US, Great Britain, France, Italy, Russia) vs. Central Powers (Germany and Austria-Hungary), 1914-1918
Causes of World War I
militarism, secret alliances and treaties, nationalism, imperialism, assassination of Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand (MANIA), submarine warfare, Zimmerman Note, Lusitania sinking, interference with US trade, democracy vs. communism and totalitarianism
Leaders of World War I
President Woodrow Wilson, General Officer John J 'Black Jack' Pershing
trench warfare
Battles of World War I
Outcome of World War I
the Treaty of Versailles, in which the war guilt clause, war reperations, demilitarization, and the League of Nations was included
Level 361