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During the war, Washington wanted a _______ for his men so that they wouldn't give up.
a soldier who is payed to fight for another country or group (don't have enough soldiers) so they can go pay for others but it can be bad because they can be bought off…
Define a mercenary.
a soldier who is paid to fight for a foreign country.
Washington crossed this river in the early hours of the morning to surprise the Hessian army?
1777 battle in New York state won by the Americans which convinced France to get involved in the American Revolution
American General who was labeled a traitor when he assisted the British in a failed attempt to take the American fort at West Point.
Was the major power in West Africa; however the region proved to be poor in raw materials and natural resources needed for industrialization
Where did most German immigrants settle?
After the loss of Philadelphia, Washington's demoralized troops suffered through the severe winter of 1777-1778 here in Philadelphia
Many soldiers suffered in Valley Forge. Food was _______
Most soldiers in Valley Forge went _______.
Many soldiers died of _______
What helped keep the army alive during hard times at Valley Forge?
how to become better soldiers.
What did the Americans learn while at Valley Forge?
1. How to march properly
April 19 1775
When were the battles of Lexington and Concord?
What was the significance of the battles of Lexington and Concord and who won?
It was the first battle of the Revolutionary war, both sides had losses but the Americans showed they would stand up.
Captain John Parker
Who was the American leader in the battles of Lexington and Concord?
Who was the British leader in the battles of Lexington and Concord?
June 17 1775
When was the battle of Bunker Hill?
William Prescott and Israel Putnam
Who was the American leader in the battle of Bunker Hill?
Generals Gage and Howe
Who was the British leader in the battle of Bunker Hill?
What was the significance of the Battle of Bunker Hill and who won?
Bunker hill was a good advantage point for the winner; British, but they lost many more men than the Americans and the Americans only retreated because they ran out of gunpowder
August 27-29 1776
When was the battle of Long Island?
Who was the American leader in the Battle of Long Island?
Who was the British leader in the Battle of Long Island?
What was the significance of the Battle of Long Island and who won?
The Americans are outnumbered 2 to 1. This is Washington's first escape at night over water- The British gain full control of New York City for the rest of the war.
When were the battles of Trenton and Princeton?
General Cornwallis (& Heissans)
Who was the British leader in the battles of Trenton and Princeton?
What was the significance of the battles of Trenton and Princeton and who won?
First two major American victories, saved Washington's army (enlistments ended at the end of the year and before this victory the army was not doing very well and no one wanted to stay in…
August 16 1777
When was the battle of Bennington?
Colonel John Stark
Who was the American leader in the Battle of Bennington?
Colonel Freidrich Bawn (Heissans)
Who was the British leader in the battle of Bennington?
What was the significance of the Battle of Bennington and who won?
The Americans have a surprising win as the British have a huge advantage position (are taken by surprise). Another spirit boosting win for the Americans.
General Howe and Cornwallis
Who was the British leader in the Battle of Brandywine/Germantown?
October 17 1777
When was the battle of Saratoga?
Who was the American leader in the battle of Saratoga?
General Horatio Gates (Benedict Arnold was also there arguing with Gates)
Who was the British leader in the battle of Saratoga?
What was the significance of the battle of Saratoga and who won?
It was a turning point for the Americans and a high point for Gates; British army was surrendered to Americans
mid June 1778
When was the battle of Monmoth Courthouse?
General Charles Lee/ General Washington
Who was the American leader in the battle of Monmoth Courthouse?
Who was the British leader in the battle of Monmoth Courthouse?
What was the significance of the battle of Monmoth Courthouse and who won?
Charles Lee does a horrible job commanding troops (loses job) Washington manages them just in time, do well, they go to bed and the British pull a Washington on Washington!
characteristics of George Washington
He was tall and tough, quiet, dignified, inspiring, and determined. He was a good leader and a good general.
Why was George Washington chosen to be Commander-in-Cheif of the Continental Army?
1.) He was a Virginian- other colonies thought that the Northern colonists were rabble-rousers and didn't trust them, they would be more likely to support the continental troops if their general wasn't a northern colonist
What was the Declaration of Independence?
A document that stated that the colonies were free from rule of England and could do what they wanted. It was significant because it was a way for the colonies to unite and it…
July 4, 1776
When was the Declaration of Independence approved and signed?
In general, who signed the Declaration of Independence?
A few represetatives from each of the 13 colonies who agreed with what the document stated.
Why was the Declaration of Independance considered treason?
because the colonists were being traitors to Britain and the king.
What foreign aid came to the Americans? Why?
French soldiers came because they had always hated the British and they noticed that the Americans might actually have a chance at winning.
What were the conditions during the winter in Valley Forge?
It was very cold- many of the soldiers didn't have shoes and wore rags. There was very little food and there was also disease
list the strengths of the Articles of Confederation.
1. could declare war and make peace with other countries
Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton
Who in Georgia signed the declaration of Independance?