Level 376
Level 377

Mexican War


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Manifest Destiny
The belief the the U.S. not only had the divine (God-given) right, but that God meant for the U.S. to expand from coast to coast - from the Atlantic Ocean in the East to the Pacific in the West.
John O. Sullivan
Who coined the phrase "Manifest Destiny"?
New York newspaper editor
John O. Sullivan, coined the phrase "Manifest Destiny". He was a _______
Quote by John O. Sullivan
Our manifest destiny is to overspread the continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions.
city on a hill
The phrase entered the American lexicon early in its history, in the Puritan John Winthrop's 1630 sermon "A Model of Christian Charity". Still aboard the ship Arbella, Winthrop admonished the future Massachusetts Bay colonists …
American Indians, Mexican War, and Texas
What 3 things should you keep in mind when explaining the US actions as they continue to conquer the continent
An important issue in the presidential election of 1844 was the
desire for Texas to become a part of the United States
James K. Polk, a democrat
Who won the Presidential Election of 1844?
annexation
James K Polk supported the _______ of Texas and the further expansion of the US
1845
In _______, Congress voted to annex Texas.
boundary line
Mexico became angry over US taking Texas into the union and they began arguing over the _______ between Texas and Mexico
troops
When Mexico and the US argued over the boundary between Texas and Mexico, both sides sent _______ to the area.
General Zachary Taylor
Commander of the Army of Occupation on the Texas border. On President Polk's orders, he took the Army into the disputed territory between the Nueces and Rio Grnade Rivers and built a fort on…
52
In May, 1846, Mexican troops attack and kill 11 soldiers and capture _______ soldiers
May 13, 1846
On _______ Congress declares war on Mexico
a very controversial war.
The Mexican American War from 1846-1847 was
200
Out of 291 clerical deputies what approximate figure wanted change?
an extension of Manifest Destiny
Other American's thought the Mexican-American War was unnecessary as it was _______
slavery
the system in which Africans were to be treated as lifelong laborers, never to be set free like white indentured servants
Bear Flag Revolt
What was the nickname of John C Fremont?
Mexico
General Zachary Taylor moved his forces into _______ and was becoming a very popular leader with the American people.
General Winfield Scott
Led the U.S. forces' march on Mexico City during the Mexican War. He took the city and ended the war.
Veracruz
In March 29, 1847, General Winfield Scott invaded Mexico in the port city of _______
Mexico City, Mexico
Once General Winfield Scott and his men landed in Veracruz, he marched his men over 200 miles across the desert to _______
captured
On September 14, 1847, General Winfield Scott and his men _______ the enemy's CAPITAL CITY of Mexico City.
General Winfield Scott captured Mexico City
The first time in American History that the US Military captures an enemy's capital was when
The Historical Significance of the Mexican-American War is two-fold.
It trained many officers who will later fight in the Civil War and it caused more problems related to slavery
California, Nevada, Utah, parts of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming
The Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo was in February of 1848. It dealt with the Mexican Cessien and added which areas to the US?
over 500,000 square miles and increased the size of the US by 25%
The area north of the Rio Grande that was claimed by Texas became part of Texas. It was
$16,000,000
US paid Mexico _______ for the territory in the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo.
1853
The Gadsden Purchase was in December of
US Ambassador to Mexico
James Gadsden was the _______
transcontinental railroad
A railroad extending from coast to coast. Completed in 1869 at Promontory, Utah, it linked the eastern railroad system with California's railroad system, revolutionizing transportation in the west.
southern parts of Arizona and New Mexico
Gadsden bought the _______ which created the modern day southern boundary of the US as they are today.
The Indian removal act
Law that forced American citizens west
Final battle
San Jacinto
Area Mormons moved to
Salt Lake City , Utah
Fredrick Douglas
Abolitionist & wrote the North Star
Cotten
Southern cash crop
Cherokee March west
Trail of tears
California
Host to many gold rushes. Drafted a new constitution to apply for statehood and forbade slavery. Taylor accepted California which caused another controversy.
The Irish
People who came to America because of the potato famine
Abolitionist
What are people who fought to end slavery called?
majority
The _______ ethnic group is Hutu.
temperance
keeping passions under control so they dont go against reason
Dorthy Dix
Who helped the mentally ill
Treaty Guadalupe jilado
Treaty that ended the war
Seneca falls , Newyork
The first women's convention was where
Jim Bowie
3 famous men killed in Alamo
11th president
James K Polk
10th president
John Tyler
9th President
William Henry Harrison
8th president
Martin Van Buren
7th president
Andrew Jackson
6th president
John Quincy Adams (1825-1829)
Herman Melvelle
Wrote Moby Dick
Walt Whitman
poet who wrote Leaves of Grass and revolutionized American literature by linking the Romantic, Transcendental, and Realist movements
Women's Suffrage
Elizabeth Caty Stanton
Education/normal school
Horrid Mann
Painted American Birds
John James Audubon
Samuel Howe
Helped the blind
Elizabeth Blackwell
The first female graduate from medical school. She was part of the women's rights movement and helped educate women.
Move west
The manifest destiny
Terrace
Tax on imports or exports
Annex
to add land to a counties territory
Washington Irving
Wrote the legend of Sleepy Hollow
Thomas Galadet
Helped the deaf
Harriet Beecher Stowe
author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
Spoil system
Practice giving government jobs to supporters
Level 378