Level 378
Level 379

Spirit of Reform


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suffrage
right to vote
Spoils system
(AJ) system in which incoming political parties (Jackson) throw out former government workers and replace them with their own friends and those who support them
caucus system
A nomination system in which the members of the party who are serving in Congress choose the party's candidate.
Tariff of Abominations
1828 - Also called Tariff of 1828, it raised the tariff on imported manufactured goods. The tariff protected the North but harmed the South; South said that the tariff was economically discriminatory and unconstitutional bec…
Secede
To formally withdraw from the union
Daniel Webster
Famous American politician and orator. he advocated renewal and opposed the financial policy of Jackson. Many of the principles of finance he spoke about were later incorporated in the Federal Reserve System. Would later push for a strong union.
Force Bill
1833 - The Force Bill authorized President Jackson to use the army and navy to collect duties on the Tariffs of 1828 and 1832. South Carolina's ordinance of nullification had declared these tariffs null…
Indian Removal Act
Under Andrew Jackson's presidency; (1830) a congressional act that authorized the removal of Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River
Trail of Tears
(1838-39) an 800-mile forced march made by the Cherokee from their homeland in Georgia to Indian Territory; resulted in the deaths of almost one-fourth of the Cherokee people
Panic of 1837
What was it called when banks and buisnesses failed, farmers lost land, And there was unemploymed factory workers?
Nativism
A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones.
Know-Nothings
A fourth party that joined in the election of 1860.
Second Great Awakening
A 19th century religious movement in which individual responsibility for seeking salvation was emphasized, along with the need for personal and social improvement.
Charles Grandison Finney
An important preacher in the revivalist movement
Joseph Smith
Founder of Mormonism.
utopia
an ideal society
romanticism
19th century artistic movement that appealed to emotion rather than reason
Transcendentalism
A philosophy pioneered by Ralph Waldo Emerson in the 1830's and 1840's, in which each person has direct communication with God and Nature, and there is no need for organized churches. It incorporated the i…
Dorothea Dix
person responsible for creating homes for the mentally ill and reforming the prison system in the U.S.
Lyman Beecher
Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader and a leader of the Second Great Awakening of the United States.
benevolent society
An aid organization set up by residents of a community to help its immigrants.
temperance
keeping passions under control so they dont go against reason
penitentiary
A correctional institution based on the concept that inmates could change their criminality through reflection and penitence.
Horace Mann
United States educator who introduced reforms that significantly altered the system of public education (1796-1859).
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
fought for women's rights.
Seneca Falls Convention
the first women's right convention, held in Seneca Falls, New York
American Colonization Society
A Society that thought slavery was bad. They would buy land in Africa and get free blacks to move there. One of these such colonies was made into what now is Liberia. Most sponsors …
Abolition
A person who wanted to end slavery
William Lloyd Garrison
published articles saying slavery is bad, from North
Emancipation
The freeing of slaves.
American Anti-slavery Society
Formed in 1833, a major abolitionist movement in the North.
Frederick Douglass
One of the most prominent african american figures in the abolitionist movement, escaped from slavery in maryland. He was a great thinker and speaker. Published his own antislavery newspaper called the north star and w…
Sojourner Truth
United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women
Level 380