Level 382
Level 383

Civil War & the Election of 1852


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Habeas corpus (Definition & significance)
A law, an order requiring that a prisoner be brought before a court at a specified time and place in order to determine the legality of the imprisonment.
North:
Compromise of 1850
Free Soil Party
Nominated Martin Van Buren in the election of 1848. They were against slavery
Election of 1852
Democrat Franklin Pierce was elected. This brought Whig Party closer to death since they ignored slavery issue completely.
Election of 1848
Brought a 3rd political party, encouraged by the Wilmot Proviso. Free-Soil Party (van Buren) vs. Whigs (Zach Taylor) vs. Democrats (Lewis Cass). Taylor defeated Cass and won the presidency.
Souths civil war advantages
Large land areas with long coasts, could afford to lose battles, and could export cotton for money. They were fighting a defensive war and only needed to keep the North out of their state…
Norths civil war advantages
Larger numbers of troops, superior navy, better transportation, overwhelming financial and industrial reserves to create munitions and supplies, which eventually outstripped the South's initial material advantage.
Bleeding Kansas
(1856) a series of violent fights between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas who had moved to Kansas to try to influence the decision of whether or not Kansas would a slave state or a free state.
fall of the whig party
Election of 1852 marked the beginning of then end. Deaths of Henry Clay and Daniel Webster weakened the party severely. When compromise of 1850 came out it fractured the Whigs with pro and anti sla…
Daniel Webster
Famous American politician and orator. he advocated renewal and opposed the financial policy of Jackson. Many of the principles of finance he spoke about were later incorporated in the Federal Reserve System. Would later push for a strong union.
Twilight of the "immortal trio"
The congressional debate of 1850 was called to address the possible admission of California to the Union and threats of secession by southerners. Known as the "immortal trio," Henry Clay, John Calhoun, and Daniel Webster spoke at the forum.
Underground railroad
1830, Harriet Tubman, a system that helped enslaved African Americans follow a network of escape routes out of the South to freedom in the North
republicans
those in Ireland who wished to gain full independence for Ireland, didn't want a king to rule over them, and were prepared to use force if necessary
Level 384