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1850- Slavery could not extend to states above the 36, 30 line.
Compromise of 1850
Before the War, Gave North and South part of what they wanted. (1) California admitted as free state, (3) resolution of Texas-New Mexico boundaries, (5) slave trade abolished in DC, and (6) new fugitive s…
Fugitive Slave Act
Escaped slaves must be returned to masters (part of Compromise of 1850)
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Popular book by Harriet Beecher Stowe focusing on the negatives of slavery.
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
Brave commander of the Confederate Army that led troops at Bull Run. He died in the confusion at the Battle of Chancellorsville.
Robert E. Lee
Was torn by the decision to support the Union join the Confederacy. He decided to join the confederacy because he didnt want to fight against his birthplace, Virginia, which had seceded. He fought in…
Ulysses S. Grant
Commander of the Army of the Potomac (Union Army) from 1864-1865, had fought successfully in the West prior
William Tecumseh Sherman
First modern general to understand the concept of total war.
September 17th, 1862. Bloodiest single day in U.S. history. It is a Union Victory.
July 1st-3rd, 1863. Major turning point of the war. It is a Union Victory, and the South retreats from the North.
In May and June of 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's armies converged on Vicksburg, investing the city and entrapping a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. On July 4, Vicksburg surrendered after prolo…
Appomattox Court House
Lee surrendered to Grant in this town.
List two advantages of the Union and two advantages of the Confederacy during the war.
True or false and explain your answer. Abraham Lincoln was an abolitionist.
This statement is false. Lincoln wanted to restrict slavery to where it already existed, but did not want to abolish it completely.
1830, Harriet Tubman, a system that helped enslaved African Americans follow a network of escape routes out of the South to freedom in the North
Kansas Nebraska Act
1854 - Douglas: Created Nebraska (north) and Kansas (south) as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty. North disliked…
John Brown's Raid
(1859) an incident in which abolitionist John Brown and others captured a federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in hope of starting a slave rebellion. It failed. The South was afraid his raid would …
Election of 1860
Lincoln, the Republican candidate, won because the Democratic party in the South was split over slavery. As a result, the South no longer felt like it has a voice in politics and a numbe…
A formal withdrawal of states from a nation. December 1860, a special convention in SC voted to secede; FL, GA, AL, MI, LA, TX did the same; the 7 states met in Montgomery, AL…
Sherman's attack on Atlanta... destroyed railroads, businesses; burned Atlanta to the ground. 1864
March to the Sea
Sherman's march from Atlanta, Georgia, to Savannah, Georgia which cut off confederate supplies received by the sea. They wanted to destroy the Southern economy and morale, leading to Southern surrender.
Civil War Dates
1861-1865. Fought more to preserve the Union than to end slavery
Election of 1864
5 political parties supported candidates for the presidency: War Democrats, Peace Democrats, Copperheads, Radical Republicans, & National Union Party; each political party offered a diff. point of view on how the war should be…
Includes dead, wounded, missing or captured. 1 out of 7 soldiers died from battle wounds. About 622,000 soldiers died from disease, not battle.