Level 387
Level 388

African American History Through the Civil War


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Griots
members of African societies who passed on oral tradition, helping to keep history alive for each new generation and were highly respected in their communities
Kinship groups
groups of people who are kin, aka related by blood, marriage, or adoption that would also pass-on oral histories
the "one-way passage"
the name given to the voyage that slaves from West Africa were forced to undertake on their way to the New World
-weren't white
Reasons why Africans were used as the basis for the slave labor system.
Stono Rebellion
began in the early morning hours of Sunday, September 9, 1739. 20 black slaves met in secret near the Stono River in South Carolina to plan their escape to freedom. Minutes later, they burst …
manumission
voluntary freeing of slaves
Crispus Attucks
African American patriot killed during the Boston Massacre
Bucks of America
a military company of African American patriots that fought in the American Revolution under black officers
James Armistad
African American that served as a spy at the Battle of Yorktown
Deborah Gannett
woman of African descent that disguised herself as a man and fought during the American Revolution on the side of the patriots
Lemuel Haynes
African American minister that preached to white congregations
John Derham
first African American doctor
Eli Whitney
invented the cotton gin
Benjamin Banneker
Free African American that contributed to polotics, medicine, and science.
The New York African Free School
school opened by the Manumission Society in NYC
gang labor system
large groups of slaves all engaged in the same type of activity
task system
used primarily on rice and sugar plantations
it became illegal to educate slaves
A result of the "Great Reaction" in the South:
Gabriel Prosser's Rebellion (1800)
slave rebellion in the state of VA in 1800
Bertie County Plot (1802)
slave uprising in NC in 1802
Deslandes Rebellion (1811)
>500 slaves marched on NOLA in 1811
Denmark Vesey's Rebellion (1822)
slave uprising in SC in 1822
Nat Turner's Rebellion (1831)
slave rebellion in Southampton, VA in 1831 where 57 whites were killed
could not possess firearms
As a portion of the slave codes, slaves:
As a portion of the Missouri Compromise:
a line was drawn to determine where slavery could and could not exist
The Abolitionism Movement
movement in the 18th and 19th centuries in America to eliminate slavery
The American Colonization Society
abolitionist organization that wanted to send all of the slaves back to Africa
Delaware
this colony was created in 1702 when Penn granted the lower three counties of Pennsylvania their own assembly. the governor was the same as pennsylvania's until the american revolution but was a separate colony
Antebellum Period
1830-1860 in the "old South"
David Walker
wrote the book "Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World"
Freedom's Journal
first African American newspaper
Events that occurred in 1831
Oberlin college in Ohio was Founded
the creation of Formal political parties
Activities among the tactics of abolitionists in the early 19th century included:
the elimination of the internal slave trade
The main political issue of "the Liberty Party" was
Main political issue of "the Free Soil Party" was
keeping slavery out of the territories acquired from Mexico in 1848
Harriet Beecher Stowe
author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
Henry Ward Beecher
associated with the American Immigrant Aid Society
the Dred Scott Decision in 1857
The entire country was reopened to the possibility of slavery as a result of
Hinton R. Helper
author of "The Impending Crisis"
John Brown
Abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia.
Levi Coffin
caucasian conductor of the underground railroad
Fredrick Douglass
encourages blacks to enlist in the Union Army during the Civil War
Emancipation Proclamation
Went into effect on 1/1/1863; ends slavery in rebelling states/areas of the Confederacy and turns the way into a war against slavery.
True statements:
the Republican party was Originally an anti-slavery party
Level 389