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The old south
- hierarchical society tied to agriculture = plantation system/economy
Super elite planters ?? planters ?? Farmers + manufacturers ?? Poor whites ?? Slaves
- Whites + blacks = 2 main groups, also some Indians
Compromise of 1850
- Fatherly figure = white males - caretakers of family (wife,children,slaves)
African experience in the south
- Slaves: lack of freedom, brutality, "incessant toil" constant work
- limited rights:
Free blacks in the south
African experience in the north
Had rights but had to deal with racism
goal = get rid of slavery
Differences - Upper v Deep South
The belief the the U.S. not only had the divine (God-given) right, but that God meant for the U.S. to expand from coast to coast - from the Atlantic Ocean in the East to the Pacific in the West.
Ideology v reality of manifest destiny
ideology - They were expanding to spread Freedom and democracy
Stephen Austin led revolt and it set Texas up to gain independence from Mexico (battle of san jancinto)
led American settlers into Texas, which was Mexican territory. Within 10 years, 20,000 Americans lived in Texas.
caudillo, leader of Mexico
Mexico vs. US, 1846-1848
Battle of bueno vista
(1847) - big American victory in Mexican war
(1836) - Santa Ann sent troops to small place and killed ton of Americans
Treaty of Guadalupe
(1848) - ended the Mexican war
1846- all the land captured from Mexico will be free, southern states vote it down
when did the government in Naples send troops to retake Sicily?
Compromise of 1850
Before the War, Gave North and South part of what they wanted. (1) California admitted as free state, (3) resolution of Texas-New Mexico boundaries, (5) slave trade abolished in DC, and (6) new fugitive s…
Let the people decide on whether slavery should be allowed in territories through voting.
Senator from Illinois, author of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Freeport Doctrine, argues in favor of popular sovereignty
(1856) a series of violent fights between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas who had moved to Kansas to try to influence the decision of whether or not Kansas would a slave state or a free state.