Level 392
Level 393

Westward Expansion & Slavery


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The old south
- hierarchical society tied to agriculture = plantation system/economy
Southern hierarchy
Super elite planters ?? planters ?? Farmers + manufacturers ?? Poor whites ?? Slaves
Southern demographics
- Whites + blacks = 2 main groups, also some Indians
North:
Compromise of 1850
Paternalist ethos
- Fatherly figure = white males - caretakers of family (wife,children,slaves)
African experience in the south
- Slaves: lack of freedom, brutality, "incessant toil" constant work
- limited rights:
Free blacks in the south
African experience in the north
Had rights but had to deal with racism
Abolitionist movement
goal = get rid of slavery
Upper south:
Differences - Upper v Deep South
Manifest Destiny
The belief the the U.S. not only had the divine (God-given) right, but that God meant for the U.S. to expand from coast to coast - from the Atlantic Ocean in the East to the Pacific in the West.
Ideology v reality of manifest destiny
ideology - They were expanding to spread Freedom and democracy
Texas revolt
Stephen Austin led revolt and it set Texas up to gain independence from Mexico (battle of san jancinto)
Stephen Austin
led American settlers into Texas, which was Mexican territory. Within 10 years, 20,000 Americans lived in Texas.
Santa Anna
caudillo, leader of Mexico
Mexican War
Mexico vs. US, 1846-1848
Battle of bueno vista
(1847) - big American victory in Mexican war
The alumo
(1836) - Santa Ann sent troops to small place and killed ton of Americans
Treaty of Guadalupe
(1848) - ended the Mexican war
Wilmot Proviso
1846- all the land captured from Mexico will be free, southern states vote it down
1848
when did the government in Naples send troops to retake Sicily?
Compromise of 1850
Before the War, Gave North and South part of what they wanted. (1) California admitted as free state, (3) resolution of Texas-New Mexico boundaries, (5) slave trade abolished in DC, and (6) new fugitive s…
Popular Sovereignty
Let the people decide on whether slavery should be allowed in territories through voting.
Stephen Douglas
Senator from Illinois, author of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Freeport Doctrine, argues in favor of popular sovereignty
Bleeding Kansas
(1856) a series of violent fights between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas who had moved to Kansas to try to influence the decision of whether or not Kansas would a slave state or a free state.
Level 394