Level 395
Level 396

U.S. History: Slavery & Abolition


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Benjamin Banneker
Free African American that contributed to polotics, medicine, and science.
cotton gin
In 1793, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin that removed the seeds from cotton mechanically
Abolitionists
wanted to abolish slavery
Emancipation
The freeing of slaves.
Gag Rules
Banned congress from debating abolition
North Star
Paper started by Frederick Douglass, named because it is the brightest star awlays north used to lead escaping slaves to freedom in the North, also supported women's rights
Aboliton
The movement to make slavery and the slave trade illegal. Begun by Quakers in England in the 1780s.
American Colonization Society
A Society that thought slavery was bad. They would buy land in Africa and get free blacks to move there. One of these such colonies was made into what now is Liberia. Most sponsors …
Cotton Kingdom
Areas in the south where cotton farming developed because of the high demand for cotton
Cotton whigs
Southern Whigs who support slavery and Northern Whigs who opposed slavery
driver
A privileged male slave whose job was to ensure that a slave gang did its work on a plantation.
Elija Lovejoy
American Presbyterian minister, journalist, and news paper editor who was murdered by a mob for his abolitionist views
Frederick Douglass
One of the most prominent african american figures in the abolitionist movement, escaped from slavery in maryland. He was a great thinker and speaker. Published his own antislavery newspaper called the north star and w…
Fugitive Slave Act 1793
Made it a federal crime to assist an escaping slave, and established the legal mechanism by which escaped slaves could be seized (even in "free" states), brought before a magistrate, and returned to their mast…
Gang System
Used with large plantations for people who had more slaves. Under this system enslaved people were organized into work gangs that labored from sunup to sundown.
Gradualism
The belief that slavery had to be ended gradually.
John Brown
Abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia.
manumission
voluntary freeing of slaves
Nat Turner
United States slave and insurrectionist who in 1831 led a rebellion of slaves in Virginia
planters
Large-scale farmers who held more than 20 slaves
slave codes
Laws that controlled the lives of enslaved african americans and denied them basic rights
Sojourner Truth
United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women
Solomon Northup
A free slave that was kidnapped and sold into slavery for twelve years until he proved he was a free slave
task system
used primarily on rice and sugar plantations
Vigilante
Someone who takes law enforcement into his or her own hands.
yeoman farmers
Family farmers who hired our slaves for the harvest season, self-sufficient, participated in local markets alongside slave owners
Level 397