Level 412
Level 413

Roaring Twenties & the Great Depression


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Teapot Dome Scandal
a government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921
Warren G Harding
president who called for a return to normalcy following WWI. Very corrupt presidency.
Albert Fall
The Secretary of the Interior who accepted bribes from an oil company and started the Teapot Dome Scandal.
Sacco and Vanzetti
were two italian born american laborers and anarchists who were tired convicted and executed via electrocution on Aug 3 1927 for the 1920 armed robbery. it is believed they had nothing to do with the crime
KKK
Stands for Ku Klux Klan and started right after the Civil War in 1866. The Southern establishment took charge by passing discriminatory laws known as the black codes. Gives whites almost unlimited power. They ma…
Hiram Wesley Evans
was Imperial Wizard of the "second" Ku Klux Klan from 1922 until 1939
Lynching
murdered by a mob
Marcus Garvey
Leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association
John Scopes
Teacher was charged with violating laws prohibiting the teaching of evolution in Tennessee schools.
Henry Ford
Assembly Line
Model T
A cheap and simple car designed by Henry Ford that allowed more Americans to own a car.
assembly line
In a factory, an arrangement where a product is moved from worker to worker, with each person performing a single task in the making of the product.
credit
An arrangement to receive cash, goods, or services now and pay for them in the future.
Charles Lindberg
American hero who was the first to fly solo from New York to Paris
prohibition
more crime and underground bushiness
Langston Hughes
A leading poet of the Harlem Renaissance. He wrote "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" and "My People"
Louis Armstrong
"When You're Smiling"
Herbert Hoover
appointed head of the Food Administration by President Wilson
Calvin Coolidge
He became President after the death of President Harding and was known for his speaking skill and for his silence. He said "The business of the American people is business."
Long Bull Market
An extended period of growing stock prices
speculation
The risky buying and selling of stocks in the hope of making a quick profit.
Black Tuesday
day the stock market crashed, signaling the start of the Great Depression
Andrew Mellon
The American business man who was appointed Secretary of the Treasury by President Harding in 1921, and served under Coolidge and Hoover. He shaped many of the economic policies of the 1920's.
Trickle Down Economics
That money is given to the big corporations and eventually t hey will pay their workers more and then the workers will spend their money and save the economy.
Bank Run
A situation in which many depositors simultaneously decide to withdraw money from a bank
Dust Bowl
a severe drought that struck the region. Heavy windstorms descended, transporting the dust in dense black clouds. These "black blizzards" were so dark that livestock were sometimes fooled into thinking that night had fallen.…
Volunteerism
Hoover asked businesses to personally volunteer to lower wages
FDR
Roosevelt during the Depression and WWII. He instituted the New Deal. He was the only president in U.S. history to be elected to four terms
polio
highly infectious disease that causes inflammation of the nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord, leading to paralysis
New Deal
A government program that created large amounts of jobs aimed at ending the Great Depression.
Fireside Chats
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people
FDIC
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A federal guarantee of savings bank deposits initially of up to $2500, raised to $5000 in 1934, and frequently thereafter; continues today with a limit of $100,000
SEC
Securities and Exchange Commission. created to regulate the stock market.
AAA
Agricultural Adjustment Administration: attempted to regulate agricultural production through farm subsidies; ruled unconstitutional in 1936; disbanded after World War II
CCC
Civilian Conservation Corps
WPA
Work Progress Administration: Massive work relief program funded projects ranging from construction to acting; disbanded by FDR during WWII
Wagner Act
Law passed in 1935 that aided unions by legalizing collective bargaining and closed shops, and by establishing the National Labor Relations Board.
Ku Klux Klan Membership
added to its membership by publicizing their support of legitimate political goals.
Harlem Renaissance
Thrived during the 1920s
bank collapses
caused depositors lose their savings
Herbert Hoover's landslide victory
Due to the prosperity of the 1920's
Flappers
These were women who abandoned dress and conduct codes of the past who became a symbol of the "Roaring Twenties" and shocked their elders with short skits, slang, new dances, heavy makeup, and drinking or smoking in public
Causes of the Depression
Stock Market Crash, Unequal Distribution of Wealth, Decline of the Farm Industry, Overproduction of Goods, Weak and Unregulated Banking Institutions, Unchecked Real Estate and Stock Speculation, and Republican Domestic and International Policy
Level 414