Level 425
Level 426

Roosevelt & the First New Deal


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1933
What year were Women dismissed from civil service and teaching jobs?
AAA, CCC, FCA, FERA, FHA, NIRA, PWA, TVA
Which agencies were brought in to aid relief and recovery?
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
Paid farmers to not produce so much food, that way the prices would rise
Civilian Conservation Corps
A New Deal agency that completed many conservation projects.
Farm Credit Administration
What was the FCA?
What was the FERA?
Federal Emergency Relief Administration
Relief payments to unemployed
What was the purpose of the FERA?
Federal Housing Administration
What was the FHA?
Government funding for people's mortgage payments
What was the purpose of the FHA?
What was the NIRA?
National Industrial Recovery Act
What was the purpose of the NIRA?
Promoted recovery and reform by setting up PWA and NRA
Public Works Administration
(FDR) , 1935 Created for both industrial recovery and for unemployment relief. Headed by the Secretary of Interior Harold L. Ickes, it aimed at long-range recovery and spent $4 billion on thousands of projects …
Work projects - roads and electrification
What was the purpose of the PWA?
Tennessee Valley Authority
A New Deal agency created to generate electric power and control floods in a seven-U.S.-state region around the Tennessee River Valley . It created many dams that provided electricity as well as jobs.
What was the purpose of the TVA?
Regeneration across 7 states. Built dams for elec, irrigation etc
BA, ERTA, NRA, SEC
What were the agencies brought in to bring about reform and regulation
What was the BA?
Banking Act - regulated banking - insured people's money up to 5000
What was the ERTA?
Emergency Railroad Transport Act - regulated railroad companies
National Recovery Administration
Government agency that was part of the New Deal and dealt with the industrial sector of the economy. It allowed industries to create fair competition which were intended to reduce destructive competition and to …
What was the SEC?
Securities and exchange Commission
New York
charles ii wanted to consolidate the crown's holdings along the Atlantic coast and close the gap between the New England and Chesapeake colonies. the dutch had give up New Amsterdam, Manhattan Island and the Hudson River.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
(1882 - 1945) Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the 32nd president of the United States, and the only president to serve more than two terms; from 1933 to 1945. Roosevelt engineered the New Deal, which…
Eleanor
What was the first name of FDR's wife?
polio
highly infectious disease that causes inflammation of the nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord, leading to paralysis
(a) Democrat
Was FDR a Republican or a Democrat?
Governor
In 1928 FDR ran for the position of _______ of New York.
Herbert Hoover
appointed head of the Food Administration by President Wilson
The New Deal
What were Roosevelt's policies for ending the Depression known as?
Gold Standard
A monetary system in which paper money and coins are equal to the value of a certain amount of gold
Bank runs
People were running to banks to take their money out before the bank collapsed
Bank Holidays
Closing banks to stop people from taking money out
Brain Trust
Group of expert policy advisers who worked with FDR in the 1930s to end the great depression.
(first) Hundred Days
Roosevelt began to send bill after bill to congress after his inauguration, and March 9 to June 16 became known as the _______.
15
States cannot deny any person the right to vote because of race.
New Nationalism
The political plan put together by Theodore Roosevelt which called for business regulation, welfare laws, workplace protection for women and children, income and inheritance taxes, and voting reform.
New Freedom
Widrow Wilson's platform in the election of 1912 was what?
banking system
The first thing FDR felt he needed to do when he took office was restore the _______.
William (H.) Woodin
Who was FDR's Secretary of the Treasury?
The Emergency Banking Relief Act
This act required that federal examiners surveyed the nation's bank and issue Treasury Department licenses to those that were financially sound. Passed unanimously by Congress in 38 minutes.
Fireside Chats
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people
(The) Securities Act
The act that required companies that sold stocks and bonds to provide complete and truthful information to investors.
(the) Securities and Exchange Commission
This agency was created after the Securities Act, to regulate the stock market and prevent fraud.
(the) Glass-Steagall Act
This act separated commercial banking from investment banking. Under this act, commercial banks were no longer allowed to risk depositors money by using it to speculate on the stock market.
Commercial
_______ banks handle everyday transactions - take deposits, pay interest, cash checks, and lend money for mortgages.
speculate
Under the Glass-Steagall Act, commercial banks couldn't risk depositors money by using it to _______ on the stock market.
(the) Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
The Glass-Steagall Act also created this corporation to provide government insurance for bank deposits.
(the) Home Owner's Loan Corporation
To help homeowners make their mortgage payments, this corporation was created. It bought the mortgages of homeowners who were behind with payments, then restructured them with longer terms of repayment and lower interest rates.
(the) Farm Credit Administration
This administration was created to help farmers refinance their mortgages and saved millions from foreclosure. However, its long-term value was questioned.
(the) Tennessee Valley Authority
This was a new deal project that built dams to control floods, conserved forest lands, and brought hydroelectricity to rural areas.
(the) Agricultural Adjustment Act
This act was to help the nation's farmers, and based on the idea that prices for farm goods were low because farmers grew too much food.
(the) Agricultural Adjustment Administration
This administration payed some farmers NOT to raise certain livestock, or NOT to grow certain crops in order to raise prices. Did not benefit smaller farmers, however.
(the) National Industrial Recovery Act
This act suspended antitrust laws and allowed business, labor, and government to cooperate in setting up voluntary rules for each industry.
codes of fair competition
The rules business, labor, and government set up under the NIRA were known as ___________.
Hugh Johnson
This person led the National Recovery Administration.
(the) National Recovery Administration
Business owners who signed code agreements received signs displaying this administrations logo, a blue eagle. However, this administration did fail in the long run and was declared unconstitutional.
(the) Civilian Conservation Corps
The most highly praised New Deal work relief program. Offered unemployed men age 18-25 work under the direction of the forestry service. They planted trees, fought forest fires, and build reservoirs.
Bonus Army
veterans who marched to Washington in 1932 to demand immediate payment of a World War I bonus
(the) Federal Emergency Relief Administration
This administration channeled money to state and local agencies to fund their relief projects.
Harry Hopkins
Head of the Federal Emergency Relief Act program.
(the) Public Works Administration
This relief agency began building highways, dams, sewer systems, schools, and other government facilities to help the unemployed. However, it did not hire directly, but instead awarded contracts to construction companies.
(the) Civil Works Administration
This agency, unlike the PWA, hired workers directly. Built airports, roads, schools, playgrounds, and parks. Helped many people get through the winter of 1933.
faith
According to acts 26:18, believers are sanctified by _______.
Level 427