Level 429
Level 430

Post-War Life in the U.S.


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Per Capita GDP
the average annual income per person (increased from $1,223 to $2,219 in the same period) - pg. 668-Austin
Conglomerate
Corporation made up of three or more unrelated businesses - Rico
Franchise
A business that contracts to offer certain goods and services from a larger parent company (p 669) Colin
Transistor
A tiny circuit device that amplifies, controls, and generates electrical signals. (invented 1947). Merhawi
Baby Boom
Dramatic increase in birthrate, especialy in the years following WWII. - Marc
GI Bill of Rights
a law that provided a range of benefits for returning World War II veterans (commonly referred to as G.I.s). Benefits included low-cost mortgages, low-interest loans to start a business, cash payments of tuition and li…
What were the main advantages of the franchise system?
Franchise owners assume less risk than small business owners pg. 669-Nyah
How did television contribute to the growth of consumer spending?
Marketing and advertising on television made people want to spend more- Max
Why was the invention of the transistor significant?
It amplifies,controls and generates electrical signals, took up small space and generated heat. Could be used in radios, computers and other devices, changed electronics industry. (P 671) -ALEX
What made suburbs expand?
With the GI Bill of rights a lot of the veterans moved to the suburbs, which cost less than living in the cities- Lowell 673
How did suburban expansion lead to the growth of the auto industry, highways, and consumer credit?
This created a purpose for highways. It helped people go to work and a need for cars to drive on the highways. The cost of the gas for the car caused an expansion in consumer credit. -Sam
Rock-and-Roll
Type of music that grew out of rhythm-and-blues. People like Chuck Berry and Elvis Presley made this type of music. KELSEY
Beat-nik
"Someone who criticized American society as apathetic and conformist pg.977 Emily
Why were teenagers more likely to remain in school during the 1950s?
there was a strong economy; so they did not need to get job…"
Why did some women choose not to give up their jobs?
Women chose not to give up their jobs because they had to make the money, the liked being occupied by the jobs, and they wanted to buy products to be apart of the "good life." (pg. 677)
Why did many adults dislike rock-and-roll?
Adults feared it would cause a rise in immorality. Some, who were comfortable with racial segregation, felt threatened by the bridges rock-and-roll built between races. Despite all of this, rock-and-roll's popularity continued to rise. (Pages 678-679)
How did beatniks challenge conformity in the 1950s?
Beatniks challenged traditional patterns of respectability and shocked other Americans with their open sexuality and their use of illegal drugs. (pg. 679) -Shaylyn
Reconversion
the social and economic transition from wartime to peace -Stuart (pg. 680)
Taft-Hartley Act
Law passed congress in 1947 that allowed the President to declare an 80 day cooling-off period when strikes impact industries that affected the National interest, and required strikes to return to work while government condu…
Modern Republicanism
Ike`s approach to "dynamic conservation" ex. cutting spending, reducing taxes, and balancing the budget -Abby
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
In 1958, the United States government responded to the launch of Sputnik in 1957, by creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Americans feared a nuclear attack after the launch of Sputnik so they created NASA.-Mitchell pg. 686
National Defense Education Act
1958 measure designed to improve science and mathematics instruction in schools. (pg.686) -George
Explain how Truman had difficulty helping the economy make the transition from wartime to peacetime.
Most Americans had limited access to consumer goods and wages failed to keep up with prices. -Anna pg. 680
NASA -Hayden
What two things (Act and/or Agency) were created as a response to the Soviet's launch of Sputnik?
What did Truman do to try to promote Civil Rights?
In 1946, Truman appointed a biracial Committee on Civil Rights to look into race relations. In 1948, Truman banned discrimination in the hiring of federal employees, and he ordered an end to segregation and discrimination in the armed forces.
How was Truman's reelection in 1948 considered an upset?
His support was disinegrating and people were suprised and upset that he won. -Miles (Pg, 682-683)
Alger Hiss
American lawyer involved in the establishment of the United Nations both as a U.S state department and the U.N official. Hiss was accused of being a soviet spy.
Atomic Energy Commission
Agency of the United States government established after WWII by congress to foster and control the peace time development of atomic science and technology
Baruch plan
proposal by the United States government. It was an international organization to regulate atomic energy. It was to extend between all the countries, control the nuclear power, eliminate atomic weapons.
berlin airlift
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
Churchill Winston
He was a british politican who was a prime minister of U.K. He was also an army in the British army. He is the only british prime minister to have won the nobel priz…
CIA
Central intelligence agency is one of the principal intelligence gathering agencies in united states federal government. Its employees operate from the U.S embassies and many other locations.
Comecon
It was an economic organization under the leadership of the Soviet Union thsat comprised the countries of the Eastern bloc. , (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance) an organization for economic cooperation in European Communist states
Dixiecrats
Southern Democrats who opposed Truman's position on civil rights. They caused a split in the Democratic party. They were white supremacy in the face possible federal intervention
Domino Theory
President Eisenhower's theory that if Vietnam fell communist, other countries would also soon fall communist; like dominoes. Therefore, it was important to keep Vietnam from falling communist
Executive Order 9835
Root out communist influence in the U.S federal government
Fair Deal
It was the term given to an ambitious set of proposals put forward by United States President truman to the united states congress.It marked the new stage in history of modern liberalism in the…
George Keenan
American ambassador to the Soviet Union who proposed the policy of containment, American diplomat who stressed the need to contain communism within its current borders
G.I bill
law passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher educations
Hollywood 10
A famous case by HUAC where many of the top Hollywood writers, directors, and actors, were called to court to testify as being aligned with the Communist Party and its beliefs or not. These celebri…
HUAC
..., The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) was an investigating committee which investigated what it considered un-American propaganda,
Intrnational Monetary
an organization that was initated in 1944 at bretton woods conference. The IMF goal was to assist in the reconstruction of the worlds international payment system
Internal Security Act
Law enacted in 1950 required members of the Communist Party to register with the government.
Iron curtain speech
Given by the former Prime Minister of Britain, Winston Churchill, in Missouri, in which he talks about the dangers of communism engulfing Europe.
Jackie Robinson
The first African American player in the major league of baseball. His actions helped to bring about other opportunities for African Americans.
Joseph McCarthy
A US senator who was very worried that communists were trying to take over the world (and the US).
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Husband and wife convicted and executed in 1953 for passing atomic secrets to the Soviet Union ( Biography index pg 651) Kayla
Korean War
the 'Forgotten War'; 1950-1953
Levittown
In 1947, William Levitt used mass production techniques to build inexpensive homes in surburban New York to help relieve the postwar housing shortage. Levittown became a symbol of the movement to the suburbs in the years after WWII.
George Marshall
United States general and statesman who as Secretary of State organized the European Recovery Program (1880-1959)
Marshall Plan
Marshall Plan Introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall in 1947, he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism.
McCarran committee
investigated possible Commie college professors and teachers that were sending pro-communist messages in school
NATO
Created in 1949-Nations in Western Europe who were friendly towards the US.
NSC 68
National Securtiy Council memo #68 US "strive for victory" in cold war, pressed for offensive and a gross increase ($37 bil) in defense spending, determined US foreign policy for the next 20-30 yrs
Potsdam Conference
August 1945, Truman yet to drop the bomb, Allies met again in Potsdam
Red Baiting
the act of accusing, denouncing, attacking or persecuting an individual or group as communist, socialist, or anarchist, or sympathetic toward communism, socialism, or anarchism.
Red Scare
describe the panic of communism coming to US; many communist were arrested; there were 70000 members in
satellite nations
Countries dependent upon and dominated by the Soviet Union
Taft
When it was passed by Congress, Truman denounced it as a "slave-labor bill". The act declared the closed shop illegal and permitted the union shop only after a vote of a majority of the employ…
Truman Doctrine
Truman Doctrine 1947 - Stated that the U.S. would support any nation threatened by Communism.
Truman Comittee on civil rights
The comittee was instructed to investigate the status of civil rights in the country and propose measures to strengthen and protect them
Whittaker
A former Soviet agent who accused Alger Hiss in 1948 of giving him secret government documents; later become an editor of Time magazine.
Level 431