Level 431
Level 432

Postwar World


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aggressors
people who started war
reasons US and Soviet Union were most powerful nations
victory, military strenghth and resources; now known as super
reasons Us wanted to help Europeans recover
1. show kindness, 2. to assist western European countries in becoming
George Marshall
United States general and statesman who as Secretary of State organized the European Recovery Program (1880-1959)
Marshall Plan
Marshall Plan Introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall in 1947, he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism.
united nations
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
goals of United Nations
to keep the peace, encourage respect for human rights and promote justice and better standards
communism
Government leaders, not citizens, control industry and wealth.
Ideology
What did, in Hitlers eyes, take a front seat to economic development (evident in his support of the smallholder farms)?
Moscow
By November the Nazies had pushed to outside of here and captured Kiev and panned to seige Leningrad
Iron Curtain
A term popularized by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to describe the Soviet Union's policy of isolation during the Cold War. The barrier isolated Eastern Europe from the rest of the world.
NATO
Created in 1949-Nations in Western Europe who were friendly towards the US.
berlin airlift
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
Berlin is divided by Stalin
in 1948, Stalin stopped all traffic into western Berlin; cut off electricity and hoped
May, 1949
Stalin lifted the Blockade
Soviet Union
country in control of East Germany during the Cold War
US beliefs
supported freely elected governments and free enterprise, which weren't allowed under communism
Cold War
Series of events between U.S. and USSR where they compete for global dominance without directly fighting each other (capitalism vs. Communism)
Propaganda
The spreading of ideas to support the war effort or damage the opposing cause.
Primary sources
eyewitnesses accounts or observations; created by people who participated in or watched the events
Secondary sources
secondhand accounts of history; personal emotions are less likely to appear unless the artical
Growing Economy
bought more goods, created new jobs and industry grew; people came back from war and bought up the
Suburbs
An outlying distinct of a city, especially a residential one
changing workplace
woman quit their jobs and resumed traditional role in household, many occupations were
Unions
An organized association of workers formed to protect and further their rights and interests
AFL-CIO
1955 two larger labor unions united. Jimmy Hoffa = leader. American Federation Labor - Congress of Industrial Organization. Skilled + unskilled
GI Bill
law passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher educations
consumer credit
credit that is used to buy goods that are consumed or used up, such as food and clothing , rather than
credit card
allows the card owner to charge goods and services and then pay off the charge along with the extra fee
evolving role for women
women return to role as homemaker, earned own money for first time, began pursuing careers like
changing life- families of the 1950's
making better money, shorter working hours, credit, and modern appliances,
commute
trip to work increase because of move from city to suburbs
Anaheim, California
new place called Disneyland opened in July, 1955; traveled from a far on famous Route 66
technology explosion
produced more cars- large flashy cars with radial tires, power steering, automatic
SEATO
South East Asia Treaty Organization; always diagreements among members to keep communism out of South East Asia
Red Scare
describe the panic of communism coming to US; many communist were arrested; there were 70000 members in
Joseph McCarthy
A US senator who was very worried that communists were trying to take over the world (and the US).
arms race
Cold war competition between the U.S. and Soviet Union to build up their respective armed forces and weapons
John F Kennedy
US president during the Bay of Pigs invasion
Cuban Missile Crisis
the US discovers nuclear missiles are on their way to cuba so they take action and the ships from russia turn around
Level 433