Level 440
Level 441

Cold War & Post War Years in America


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satellite nation
one that is dominated politically and economically by a more powerful nation
Iron Curtain
A term popularized by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to describe the Soviet Union's policy of isolation during the Cold War. The barrier isolated Eastern Europe from the rest of the world.
Cold War
Series of events between U.S. and USSR where they compete for global dominance without directly fighting each other (capitalism vs. Communism)
Containment
Containment foreign policy towards communism is containment
berlin airlift
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
NATO
Created in 1949-Nations in Western Europe who were friendly towards the US.
HUAC
..., The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) was an investigating committee which investigated what it considered un-American propaganda,
Hollywood Ten
group of people in the film industry who were jailed for refusing to answer congressional questions reguarding communist influence in Hollywood
blacklist
list that circulated among employers, beginning in 1947, containing the names of persons who should not be hired because they were communist sympathizers
McCarran-Walter Act
(HH) 1929 , immigration law that discriminated against Asians and south Europeans
38th Parallel
Dividing line between North and South Korea. Ended in stalemate.
Korean War
the 'Forgotten War'; 1950-1953
Military-Industrial Complex
the connection between military and defense build up. It was based at the pentagon and gave money to defense mobilization.
McCarthyism
The term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy who led the search for communists in America during the early 1950s through his leadership in the House Un-American Activities Committee.
deterrence
the act or process of discouraging actions or preventing occurrences by instilling fear or doubt or anxiety
brinkmanship
..., A policy of threatening to go to war in response to any enemy aggression.
ICBM
Intercontinential ballistic missiles; guided missiles that could travel thousands of miles and strike targets accurately.
Sputnik
The world's first space satellite. This meant the Soviet Union had a missile powerful enough to reach the US.
U-2 incident
..., The incident when an American U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. The U.S. denied the true purpose of the plane at first, but was forced to when the U.S.S.R. prod…
per capita income
Average annual income per person
Conglomerate
Corporation made up of three or more unrelated businesses - Rico
Franchise
A business that contracts to offer certain goods and services from a larger parent company (p 669) Colin
Transistor
A tiny circuit device that amplifies, controls, and generates electrical signals. (invented 1947). Merhawi
Baby Boom
Dramatic increase in birthrate, especialy in the years following WWII. - Marc
GI Bill of Rights
a law that provided a range of benefits for returning World War II veterans (commonly referred to as G.I.s). Benefits included low-cost mortgages, low-interest loans to start a business, cash payments of tuition and li…
Rock-and-Roll
Type of music that grew out of rhythm-and-blues. People like Chuck Berry and Elvis Presley made this type of music. KELSEY
beatnik
In the 1950s, a person who criticized American society as apathetic and conformist
conformity
adjusting one's behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard
Reconversion
the social and economic transition from wartime to peace -Stuart (pg. 680)
Taft-Hartley Act
Law passed congress in 1947 that allowed the President to declare an 80 day cooling-off period when strikes impact industries that affected the National interest, and required strikes to return to work while government condu…
Modern Republicanism
Ike`s approach to "dynamic conservation" ex. cutting spending, reducing taxes, and balancing the budget -Abby
NASA
National Aeronautic and Space Administration - a US government agency in charge of the space program
National Defense Education Act
1958 measure designed to improve science and mathematics instruction in schools. (pg.686) -George
Level 442