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How did Theodore Roosevelt view large, centralized corporations?
He believed that large corporations were inevitable and potentially beneficial, though the federal government should monitor and regulate them.
Uprising of the 20,000?
a strike by female garment workers in New York
protect big business from government regulation.
Under the guidance of justices such as Stephen J. Field, the Supreme Court used the Fourteenth Amendment to
What did the Hepburn Act do?
It enhanced the powers and effectiveness of the ICC.
south central Europe.
Nearly one-half of immigrants to the United States from 1901-1920 were from
provided for the direct election of senators
What change did the Seventeenth Amendment (1913) make to the Constitution?
extending the vote to women
As governor, Theodore Roosevelt enacted all but which of the following reforms?
Which of the following statements about urban machines is false?
They universally opposed progressive reforms, including child labor laws and safety regulations for the workplace.
1 reduced tariff duties on a number of raw materials and manufactured goods
4 outlawed child labor in industries engaged in interstate commerce
Clayton Antitrust Act
3 exempted labor unions from laws against illegal combinations in restraint of trade
Federal Reserve Act
2 restructured America's banking and currency system to diminish the power of large private banks
Typical of the single-sex clubs of the progressive era was the Buffalo Union, which offered lectures or classes in all but
Organization which fought for civil rights for African Americans, mainly through court cases (behind the Brown v. Board of Education case)
They contributed to its sharp decline.
What impact did progressive reforms have on political participation?
Which of the following statements about Woodrow Wilson is false?
He used his authority as president to end racial segregation in federal offices.
Which of the following statements about European immigrants to the United States is least accurate?
They arrived with industrial skills acquired through years of experience at factories in their homeland.
Why did women's activism increase at the turn of the century?
Middle-class women were graduating from high school and college in growing numbers.
Which of the following statements about the Woman's Christian Temperance Union is false?
Its effectiveness was rooted in its single-minded obsession with prohibition at the expense of all other issues.
Progressives hoped to reform municipal governments by
relying on appointees, career civil servants, and experts.
reviewed films for objectionable content.
In the form of the NBC, progressives created an institution that
The idea of consulting academics to help shape government policy is associated with which state?
president of the AFL who railed against black and Asian workers
Big Bill Haywood
hard-rock miner who became the most influential leader of and speaker for the IWW
socialist critic who founded and edited the bohemian magazine The Masses
prohibition and immigration restrictions
Urban political machines would have been least likely to engage in or support which of the following activities?
a split in the Republican Party.
Woodrow Wilson was able to win the 1912 election because of
Kristina Kaye Smith
In 1984, she was chosen Queen of the Tournament of Roses in Pasadena. She was the first African American queen in the 96 year history of the event
Pasadena's first African American newspaper. Opened for business in 1904
The first African American to come to live in Pasadena, 1883
Brother of Jackie Robinson. He went to the Olympic Games in 1936. He finished second to Jesse Owens in the 200 meter dash.
First A.M.E. Church
Held it's first meeting in 1887. The First African American church in Pasadena, chartered in 1888.
A Pasadenan, he became San Francisco's first African American Judge
First African American to run for political office in Pasadena City Government in 1929.
Elected by her fellow board members as Mayor of Pasadena in 1982. She was the first African American woman mayor of the city.
James M. Robenson
The first African American Chief of Police for the Pasadena Police Department. He was sworn in on Tuesday, November 12, 1985.
Resident of Pasadena and first African American female attorney in the state of California
Designed the float "Dove Of Peace" and won a major prize in the 1916 Rose Parade. Charles Prince was chairman of the African American Pasadena residents who entered the float.
Dove of Peace
Float designed by Clovis Fouch that won major prize in the 1916 Rose Parade
Spangler, et al vs. The Board of Education
The first federal racial discrimination suit ever on the west coast. Filed in Pasadena in 1967. In 1970, the judge ruled in favor of the plaintiff
The Brookside Pool Suit
A 1936 lawsuit brought by the NAACP against the City of Pasadena to allow African American people to use the facility whenever it was open. The NAACP won the case in 1945.
John R. Wright
Formed the Pasadena branch of the NAACP (National Advanced Association for Colored People)
one of the first African American real estate brokers, he built The Franciscan Building on Dayton Street (the first African American business building) in 1923
Founded the Pasadena Negro Women's Business and Professional Association in 1938.
Dr. Edna Griffin
first African American woman doctor and President of the NAACP
first African American President of the Pasadena Board of Education
the first African American policeman in Pasadena.
Wilfred "Bill" Duncan
Pasadena's first African American fire fighter and later the first African American Fire Department Captain in Pasadena
the first African American regular on a variety television program. He was a tap dancer on the Lawrence Welk Show from 1964-1982
Joseph S. Mims
The first African American to attend Art Center School of Design. He later became a lead graphic label designer for Avery International.
James "Slick" Stocks
The first African American athlete to be named captain of any Pasadena High School athletic team.
First African American businesswoman in Pasadena. She sold oranges on Colorado Blvd.
First African American pharmacist to graduate from USC
Dr. Jesse Moses
first African American educator in Pasadena to be name Assistant Superintendent in the Los Angeles County School System
Friendship Baptist Church
Founded in 1893, it is the only African American institution that still remains in what was once the heart of the African American Community located in Old Town at 80 W. Dayton St.
Elbie J Kickambottom, Sr.
A member of the Pasadena Unified School District school board for 16 years. He was a tireless fighter for children's rights to a good quality education. The PUSD boardroom is named in his honor.
In 2007, she became the youngest African American woman to be elected to the Pasadena City Council.
Opened a blacksmith shop and became the first independent African American businessman in Pasadena.
Lewis A. Peters, Sr.
The first African American postal supervisor in Pasadena
The third African American to be crowned queen in the history of the Rose Parade (2012)
The second African American to be crowned Queen of the Tournament of Roses Parade in 2006
The first African American Woman to reach the ranks of sergeant and lieutenant in the Pasadena Police Department.
Outlaws Slavery (1865)
Made former slaves citizens
Provided suffrage for Black males
The majority of freedmen entered this profession
Sharecropping and the crop linen system
Led to a cycle of debt and depression for Southern tenant farmers
men and women who had been slaves
1865-6 Southern laws that severely limited the rights of African Americans after the Civil War, Any code of law that defined and especially limited the rights of former slaves after the Civil War.- Primary pur…
Compromise of 1877
-Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river; as long as Hayes became the president
1873 Slaughterhouse and 1883 Civil Rights Cases
Narrowed the meaning and effectiveness of the 14th amendment
Plessy v. Ferguson
Upheld segregated railroad facilities
Disenfranchising Black Voters
Southern politicians used many tactics to further this type of discrimination
Booker T. Washington
Called on Blacks to seek economic opportunities rather that political rights
W.E.B Du Bois
Progressive Era Black Advocate
Not Progressive Programs
Civil Rights laws for Black Americans
Were least concerned with ending racial segragation
Ida B. Wells-Barnett
An African American civil rights advocate and an early women's rights advocate
Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
First emerged during Radical Reconstruction
The Birth of a Nation
D.W. Griffith's film _______, became controversial because of its depiction of KKK activities as heroic and commendable
Stands for Ku Klux Klan and started right after the Civil War in 1866. The Southern establishment took charge by passing discriminatory laws known as the black codes. Gives whites almost unlimited power. They ma…
African Americas fought in strictly segregated unites, usually under the command of White officers
The first massive migration of Black Americans from the South occurred during and immediately after _______
Thrived during the 1920s
Key Figures of the Harlem Renaissance
James Weldon Johnson, Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, and Josephine Baker
Leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association
Black pride, Black economic development, Black nationalism, Pan-Africanism
New Deal Programs
Helped African Americans survive the Great Depression
Due to the emancipation Proclamation and Reconstruction amendments, African Americans were loyal to
During President Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency the majority of Black voters shifted to
The Daughters of the American Revolution barred this world renowned singer from performing at Constitution Hall in Washington D.C.
Outraged by the barring of Marian Anderson, this woman resigned from the DAR in protest
Roosevelt's dramatic act of conscience gave national attention to the issue of _______
fighting that started because of the rise of the Nazi party in Germany and ended with the atomic bombings in Japan
Issued an executive order forbidding discrimination in defense industries
Fair Employment Practices Commission
Monitored any discrimination in defense industries in violation of President Roosevelt's mandate
President Truman believed that capitalism, freedom and the American way of life were in danger of being overrun by Communism.The Truman Doctrine had been one of 'containment' - stopping the Communists gaining any more territ…
Southern Democrats who opposed Truman's position on civil rights. They caused a split in the Democratic party. They were white supremacy in the face possible federal intervention
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public schools was a denial of the equal protection of the laws guarantees in the 14th Amendment
Little Rock Central High School
President Eisenhower sent federal troops to enforce the court-ordered desegregation
US President who sent military advisors to Vietnam and decided that the "Domino Theory" would be America's philosophy and reason for entering the Vietnam War
Civil Rights Commission
Was given the authority to investigate and report on cases involving discrimination
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
His goal was a peaceful integration of the races in all areas of society
Henry David Thoreau
Dr. King's theory of nonviolent civil disobedience was influenced by the writings of this man
Letter from Birmingham Jail
Dr. King argued that the citizens have "a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws."
College students staged the first sit-in in 1960 to protest segregation in public facilities
Provide an excellent example of nonviolent civil disobedience
Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael
Opposed Dr. King's strategy of nonviolent demonstration
Militant civil rights leader
Leader of the NAACP
Coined the phrase "black power" and led SNCC away from a nonviolent approach.
Leader of the Black Panthers- Sepratist
Leader of the nation of Islam from 1945 to his death in 1975. He helped many people and was a strong advocate of civil rights, but was involved in some shady activities and lost…
A slogan used to reflect solidarity and racial consciousness, used by Malcolm X. It meant that equality could not be given, but had to be seized by a powerful, organized Black community., idea phrase…
Black Panthers and the Nation of Islam
Emphasized a greater sense of Black nationalism and solidarity
Black voters, minorities, college-educated Whites, and young voters aged 18-26
Barack Obama was elected by a combination of these voters