Level 461
Level 462

Vietnam War


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Ho Chi Minh
North Vietnamese communist leader
Ngo Dinh Diem
Corrupt, oppressive, and unpopular leader of South Vietnam. At first, he was supported by the US but was later overthrown and executed by his own government officials
William Westmoreland
General of American forces in Vietnam
Henry Kissinger
National security advisor for President Nixon; had secret negotiations with a North Vietnamese negotiationist Le Duct Tho
President Truman
President Truman believed that capitalism, freedom and the American way of life were in danger of being overrun by Communism.The Truman Doctrine had been one of 'containment' - stopping the Communists gaining any more territ…
Domino Theory
President Eisenhower's theory that if Vietnam fell communist, other countries would also soon fall communist; like dominoes. Therefore, it was important to keep Vietnam from falling communist
Geneva Accords
Agreement between French and Vietnamese that divided Vietnam into two separate countries
Gulf of Tonkin (Tonkin Gulf) Resolution
As a result of a supposed attack on an American ship by Vietnam forces, this act gave President Johnson to take any steps necessary in Vietnam
War Powers Act
Limits the presidents ability to send troops over seas
Rolling Thunder
Huge bombing campaigns on North Vietnam
Tet Offensive
Surprise attack by NVA and Viet Cong on major cities in the South during a Vietnamese holiday; military victory for US, but political victory for V.C; was the turning point in the war
My Lai Massacre
American soldiers lined up Viet Cong (citizen) women, elders, and children and killed them
Vietnamization
Program started by Nixon to make South Vietnam responsible for its own defense while slowly pulling US troops out of Vietnam
Viet Cong
North Vietnamese sympathizers who fought against the US using guerilla tactics
Ho Chi Minh Trail
Supply route from North Vietnam to Viet Cong in South Vietnam
Green Berets
Special US forces that were trained to fight the Viet Cong's guerilla tactics
Agent Orange
spray on Vietnamese jungles; killed environment, making it harder for Viet Cong to hide; Caused cancer in many soldiers
Napalm
bombs on forests - made hard for Viet Cong to hide
Antiwar movement (peace movement)
Social movement that protested the war and sought out the end of the war and peace
Paris Accords (1973 Peace Agreement)
Treaty that ended American involvement in Vietnam
26th Amendment
Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18 because it was unfair that those eligible for draft were not eligible to vote
Cambodia
A country bordering Vietnam that contained many strong communists; the US started fighting here in 1970; Part of Ho Chi Minh Trail ran through this country
Laos
A country bordering Vietnam; part of the Ho Chi Minh trail ran through this country
Guerilla
Not regular army; uses barbaric tactics to do whatever they can to win. used by both sides
President Eisenhower
US President who sent military advisors to Vietnam and decided that the "Domino Theory" would be America's philosophy and reason for entering the Vietnam War
President Kennedy
US President who sent more military advisors to Vietnam and also sent Green Berets
President Johnson
US President who took a major role in escalating the Vietnam War and was the first president to send troops
President Nixon
US President who created "Vietnamization" and began to take troops out of Vietnam
Gulf of Tonkin
Vietmaese ships fired on US ships in the gulf of Tonkin
Presidents during the war
Dwight Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Nixon, Gerald Ford
Level 463