Level 50
Level 51

Byzantium


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Art
Eastern and Western Christians disagreed over the use of art in churches
Basileus
Byzantine word for emperor, originally Greek for king
Bosporus Straight
The straight that was important to the Byzantines for trade
Byzantine Culture
Byzantium - the ancient city got its name from Byzas, its mythical founder
Coins
Byzantine coins had an emperor on one side and an empress on the other
Constantinople
Capital city of the Eastern Roman Empire
Corpus Juris Civilis
Book written by Justinian's lawyers that simplifies and organizes the laws of Ancient Rome and Byzantium
Council of Chalcedon
In AD 451, Pope Leo I degreed that Jesus had two natures: divine and human
Cryllic
Alphabet invented by the Byzantine missionaries
Empress Theodora
The wife of Emperor Justinian, she was his constant, skillful, and cunning advisor
Farmland
Soldiers in the Byzantine Empire were paid with FREE farmland
Good Byzantine Farmland
In Egypt near the Nile River
Greek Fire
Naval weapon that can burn on water made of naphtha and sulfur
Greek Orthodox
Type of Christianity in the Byzantine Empire (Eastern)
Guild
A group of people doing the same job; this group stays business because they set prices and standard of quality
Hereditary Succession
How Roman emperors were chosen - the next emperor would depend on the male relative
Justinian
Most famous Byzantine Emperor
Monophysites
These people were influential in the Eastern churches believed that Jesus had one nature
Monotheism
A religion that believes in only one god
Mosaic
Picture made from colored stones or tiles
Prince Vladimir
Russian ruler of the city of Kiev who chose Byzantine Christianity as his kingdom's official religion in 988
Reigning Ruler
How Byzantine emperors were chosen - the emperor chose the next emperor to rule (can be related or not)
Roman Catholic
the Christian Church based in the Vatican and presided over by a pope and an episcopal hierarchy
Saint Cyril
A Byzantine missionary who invented the Cryllic alphabet with his brother Methodius around the 10th century A.D.
Schism
A separation or a break
Sea of Marmara
Part of the water passage that divides Europe from Asia, and the body of water south of the Bosporous Straight
Trinity
Christian grouping of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit
Why did Byzantium have a strong navy?
1. Surrounded by water; didn't think anyone would attack
Why were soldiers paid with free farmland?
1. Soldiers couldn't take off with the land
Level 52