Level 54
Level 55

Italian Renaissance


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Botticelli, "Birth of Venus"
Early Renaissance, non Christian
Donatello, "David"
was the first free standing, nude statue made since ancient times.
Michelangelo, "David"
The sculpture stood 14 ft 3 in tall and was supposed to reflect the power and determination of Republican Florence, particularly the Medici family.
Michelangelo, "Pieta"
Commissioned for St. Peter's Basillica
Da Vinci, "Vitruvian Man"
from the notebooks showing the proportions of the human body
Full of pyramids
Da Vinci, "Virgin of the Rocks"
Raphael, "Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione"
The subject of the painting wrote "The Book of the Courtier". This painting is also known as the "Male Mona Lisa"
Raphael, "School of Athens"
In the middle are Plato (pointing upward toward the realm of ideas) and Aristotle (pointing downward toward the earth, representing the here and now).
Ghiberti, "Gates of Paradise"
The front doors of the Florence Cathedral. Depicts images from the Bible.
Brunelleschi, Dome of Florence Cathedral
The dome of Santa Maria del Fiore was finished under the patronage of the Medicis.
Alberti, "Santa Maria Novella"
sponsored by the Medici
Renaissance
The revival of ancient learning and the supplanting of traditional religious beliefs by new secular and scientific values that began in Italy in the 14th and 15th centuries.
Florence, Italy
One of the most important and influential cities of the early Renaissance
Merchant Class
A wealthy social class that developed in Florence; some members, like the Medici family, became influential leaders.
Patrons
People that encourage artists to create and support the artists financially.
advance
a forward movement
notable
worthy of attention
technique
a skillful way of doing something
perspective
producing the appearance of three dimensions in works of art; this creates a more realistic image
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian painter, engineer, musician, and scientist. The most versatile genius of the Renaissance, Filled notebooks with engineering and scientific observations that were in some cases centuries ahead of their time. As a painter h…
Michelangelo
An artist who focused mainly on sculpture, his works are known for conveying intense feelings and portraying a sense of power. His most famous work is not a sculpture but a giant fresco paintin…
Raphael
A Renaissance artist who studied the works of great artists like Leonardo da Vinci; his most famous works are four rooms of frescoes in the papal palace of the Vatican (1483-1520)
fresco
A way (technique) of painting a mural where the artist paints on top of a layer of fresh, wet plaster. The painting on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel is one of these.
Duomo
The giant domed cathedral in Florence built by the influential architect Filippo Brunelleschi.
Dante Alighieri
The Italian author who wrote many poems (The Divine Comedy) and nonfiction works; he often wrote in Italian instead of Latin, which created a trend for other writers to use their native language instead of Latin.
Renaissance man
A term in modern culture that refers to a man who excels in many aspects of life, similar to the men of the upper class in Renaissance times who worked hard to become sophisticated…
Level 56