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Level 11

Cold War: Realist Geopolitics

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cold war
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
U.S. foreign policy that was supposed to keep communism from spreading
iron curtain
A political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eastern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
truman doctrine
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
berlin airlift
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
marshall plan
A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country especially against the Soviets
Warsaw pact
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO
satellite nations
Countries dependent upon and dominated by the Soviet Union
united nations
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
..., A policy of threatening to go to war in response to any enemy aggression.
arms race
Cold war competition between the U.S. and Soviet Union to build up their respective armed forces and weapons
korean war
..., Conflict that began with North Korea's invasion of South Korea and came to involve the United Nations (primarily the United States) allying with South Korea and the People's Republic of China allying with North Korea.
Atlantic Coastal Plain
the flat stretch of land that borders the Atlantic Ocean stretching from New Jersey through the southeast United States
U-2 incident
..., The incident when an American U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. The U.S. denied the true purpose of the plane at first, but was forced to when the U.S.S.R. prod…
bay of pigs
..., In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the inva…
berlin wall
A wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
3 hours.
Debriefing group duration maximum
limited test ban treaty
..., 1963 treaty in which the United States and the Soviet Union agreed not to test nuclear weapons above the ground
harry truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
This is a mixture of gases that surrounds Earth. In addition to containing the oxygen you need to breathe, it protects you from the sun's damaging rays and is always changing.
Joseph McCarthy
..., 1950s; Wisconsin senator claimed to have list of communists in American gov't, but no credible evidence; took advantage of fears of communism post WWII to become incredibly influential; "McCarthyism" was the fearful accusatio…
Civic Culture
A political culture in which citizens widely share a belief in the legitimacy of their regime and their trust in government.
process of heat transfer by the circulation or movement of a liquid or a gas
John F. Kennedy
1960; Democrat; Cold War: Bay of Pigs, Cuban Missile Crisis; established the Peace Corps, domestic program called the "New Frontier," promoted civil rights, major supporter of the space program; assassintated by Lee Harvey Oswald in 1963
Nikita Khrushchev
For the first few years after Stalin's death in 1953, a group of leaders shared power. As time went by, however, one man did gain power. Like Stalin, he believed that communism would take …
Level 12