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Level 14

Population Crisis, What Crisis?

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overfilled; crowded; pouring out
struggle for breath
the act of forcing yourself (or being forced) into or through a restricted space
Relentless; unyielding
destruction achieved by wrecking something
disgustingly dirty
100-500 m
RD lake flactuation levels.. depositing fertile silt and sediment.
Aurora Borealis
Northern Lights
a steep place (as on a hill)
Buyer-Driven Chains
Large retailers (Wal-Mart, Tesco, IKEA) and brand-name merchandisers (Adidas, Nike, Gap) play central role in establishing and controlling the global production systems of commodities.
An urban settlement that has been legally incorporated into an independent, self-governing unit.
resulting from careful thought
being the essence or essential element of a thing
a will to succeed
the immediate descendants of a person
not done or made or performed with purpose or intent
any long and difficult trip
Conflict trap
grounded in the liberal theory of violence, an argument claiming that countries that have experienced civil war are likely to plunge into renewed violence unless the conditions that led to the civil war, underdevelopment, are addressed
the act of rising upward into the air
Average sea level
what does A.L.S.stand for
has a good chance of being the case or of coming about
for an unlimited length of time
hold on tightly or tenaciously
providing no shelter or sustenance
aphotic zone
the deeper layer of the ocean that lacks sufficient sunlight for photosynthesis
brand name
a word, letter, or group of words or letters that differentiates one seller's goods and services from those of competitors
an interruption or temporary suspension of progress or movement
To try; to make an effort
make known to the public information that was previously known only to a few people or that was meant to be kept a secret
oil slick
a thin film of oil floating on top of water (especially crude oil spilled from a ship)
material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use)
-2070 m
Average elevation of the Earth's surface
antarctic tundra
tundra found along the edges of Antarctica and on nearby islands
Normal state
There is no crisis yet. The person's emotional state and mental abilities are at normal levels.
Something happens to cause the person to become excited, upset, active or physically uncomfortable. The cause can be external (something someone said or did, or an environmental factor such as heat, cold, or crowded conditi…
An economic system that emphasizes private property rights and market mechanism.
1 in = ? cm
Acidic rain
Precipitation under pH 5.6. Will cause massive environmental impact due to the acidic nature.
Stabilization (return to normalcy)
During stabilization, the person is back to normal behavior and is once again under control.
Post-Crisis Drain, or Depletion
Following the crisis, the person may drop below their normal level of stimulation. This drop is more likely if the crisis phase was prolonged…
Normative stress
Stressful events that happen frequently in the normal course of life.
Traumatic stress
Exposure to actual or threatened death, serious injury, or sexual
self-feeder. also are the producers, herbivores and carnivores are the consumers
Type II Trauma
A series of events or continuous
Type I Trauma
A single event. The only type that crisis intervention is appropriate for.
Acute Stress Disorder
Nine or more of the following 14 symptoms from any of the 5 categories:
Presence of one (or more) of the following intrusion symptoms associated with the
Life has value (human and non)
high pressure area
black carbon aerosol (soot)
absorb heat directly, reduce reflection of heat back into space.
3 Parts of Emergency Intervention
1. Assessment - in general and risk assessment
1st Urban Revolution
Agriculture Surplus allows for specialization, and social stratification creates a leadership class
Body handlers after a disaster
Kept away from families of the deceased to prevent making the bodies "real" and therein causing traumatic stress.
The state of psychological health that determines how well a person does after a traumatic event.
(Almost) nothing, (except ) a few skyscrapers.
In urban geography, what happenned between 1929 & 1945.
Survivor's guilt
The phenomenon where people subconsciously feel glad that they didn't die in an event, but they feel guilty for having these feelings of relief.
An illusory attempt to feel in control. People feel better about feeling this way over feeling powerless.
chain reaction (essay)
spirals out of control, results in a nuclear explosion. to maintain a low level amount, you must find some way to moderate the number of free neutrons. control …
When a person avoids people, places, or things that remind them of trauma.
Suicide contagion
When a person's suicide is sensationalized and suicides increase as a result. Although it is rare, studies have shown that it is possible.
Substance abuse as coping
If its only a small amount and the person does not have an ongoing problem predating the crisis, it usually is not a problem. However, lowered functioning is a valid concern. When the problem pred…
24 Hours
If someone is in a definite crisis and asks for help, the intervention should be within this amount of time.
Psychological First Aid
Implemented immediately, but it is not a formal sit-down or discussion. Client is under no pressure to disclose more information than they want to.
2.5 cm per year
how fast do tectonic plates move?
8-12 people.
Debriefing group maximum
Caplan's Characteristics of Effective Coping
Behaviours that are essential for getting through a crisis state. They can be learned through formal crisis intervention, through experience, or while growing up. The worker needs to acknowledge these characteristics and transmit them to the client.
Cognitive Key
The perception a person has of the precipitating events that led to subjective distress. The crisis workers must identify the perceptions if he/she is to help client change it and thereby increase functioning.
Caused by cosmic forces.
2.5 mm/yr
Global Sea Level Rise
If you believe the above you must be the change
have a particular combination of average annual temperature and annual precipitation and contain distinctive plant growth forms that are adapted to that climate
Gerald Caplan is the father of what?
Who is the Father of Modern Crisis Intervention
the process by which molecules of water vapor in the air become liquid water
Material Resources
Tangible things such as money, transportation, clothes, and food.
Personal Resources
Determines how well a person will deal with crisis.
Precipitating Event
An actual event in a person's life that triggers a crisis state that can be either situational or developmental.
Situational Crisis
Unexpected trauma having a sudden onset that impairs one's functioning level.
Social Resources
A person's friends, family, and coworkers. The more resources one has, the better one will weather a crisis.
A natural, though trying, part of life. A reaction to difficult events usually involving feelings of anxiety. Stressful events do not become crisis if a person can cope with them and functioning is not impaired.
Subjective Distress
Painful and uncomfortable feelings experienced by a person in crisis
Trilogy Definition
The three-part approach to understanding what a crisis is, including the precipitating event subjective distress (caused by cognition), and usually failure to cope, which leads to lowered functioning.
Level 15