Level 14
Level 15

Sustainable Development


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What is sustainable development?
Aiming for today's human needs while preserving the environment
In what way has the world been sustainably developed?
The world is not sustainable - we are consuming too quickly
In conference on the human environment, world commission on the environment and devleopment
What are 3 international conferences to focus on sustainable development in which one was the term defined
population and scarcity
What is the approach at the foundation of limits to growth
What is the definition of sustainable development from Rio declaration
development that meets the needs of the present without jeopardizing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
social equity, environment, economy
What are the 3 pillars of sustainable development
What is Agenda 21
united nations blue print for implementing sustainable development
Quality of live Vs. Quality of Growth
What did E.F. Schumacher argue in his book Small is Beautiful
What are some sustainable development initiatives in Tucson
Solar energy , clay mine adobe, community food bank, co-housing, Dunbar springs community garden
active solar collection
the use of the sun's energy to heat up water and air directly
black water
water that contains animal, human or food waste and would not be reused for other purposes
abrasion
the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice
grey water
waste water generated from processes such as washing dishes, bathing and laundry
intelligent building
building that apply technologies to improve the building environment and functionality for occupants and tenants while controlling costs to improve end-user security, comfort and accessibility and help user productivity
living building
houses and offices designed to function like living organisms, specifically adapted to place and able to draw all of their requirements for energy and water from the surrounding sun, wind and rain
passive solar design
the technique of heating and cooling a building naturally without the use of mechanical equipment
recycling
using the materials from obsolete products to create other products
renewable energy
resources that are naturally replenished in a short period of time
repair
the reconstruction or renewal of any part of an existing structure or device
reuse
reuse of a product in the same context in a different context
Alexander Graham Bell
United States inventor (born in Scotland) of the telephone (1847-1922)
normative development
to set out what should happen to societies, environments, and economies
Western Development
industrial, urban, democratic, capitalist
Sustainable Development
needs of present, new growth, population, natural resources, technology, and risk, environmental economics
Orogenies
mountain building period
Cinder cone
volcano that doesn't explode
Shield Volcano
fluid lava flows
Strato Volcano
periodic explosive eruptions
Gondwana
the southenrmost of two continents that was part of Pangea
Altitudinal Zonation
life structure around a vertical climate
Altiplano
very dry, high elevated plains
Oxisols
soil with high concentration or iron and aluminum oxides (found in N/W Brazil)
Mollisols
underlies the great plains of central america (Mexico & Argentina)
Gulf Stream
what is the current that carries warm water from the equatorial regions north along the east coast of the United States?
Humboldt Current
south to north current from Chile to the equator (creates rich, abundant marine life)
Brazil Current
north to south current, to the right of Brazil
Intertropical Conversion Zones
belts of moisture; deserts/arid/forest/arid
Amazon
longest tributary system
Lahar
mudflow caused by the melting of the ice/snow of a volcano by lava or the run off of ash downhill caused by rainfall
Guano
became a huge export of Peru in 1840s, el nino created huge impacts by 1890s = Peruvian phenomenon
Oceanic Nino Index (ONI)
defined as the 3 month running-mean sst (?) departures; characterized by positive or negative 0.5 degrees C
Maritime Hypothesis (1975)
civilizations arose on the cost of Peru dependent on abundant, reliable marine sources that supported population growth and enabled corporate labor organization
Conquest
God, Gold, and Glory
Gold
jump started the industrial revolution in Europe
Conquistadors
strong man on horseback (Caudillo), will save the country, but will be in complete control (Feudal System)
1494
Pope divides the world for Spain (more land/mining/etc.) and Portugal (more ports/islands for trading)
Mercury
used to pull dust of gold and silver out of crushed rocks
Monroe Doctrine
1823; US policy to hault further colonization and interference by Europe in the Americas
WDI (World Development Indicators)
statistical benchmark that helps measure the progress of development
Coniferous
Trees with cones and needles.
GNI (Gross National Income)
comprises the total value of goods and services produced within a country, together with its income received from other countries, less similar payments made to other countries
GNI per capita
The GNI of a country divided by its total population
GNI and PPP (Purchasing Power Parity)
GNI of a country converted into US dollars on the basics of how the value of the currency compares with that of other countries
HDI (Human Development Index)
a measure of development which combines three important aspects of human well-being: life expectancy, education, and income
MPI (Multidimensional Poverty Index)
published for the first time in 2010, it complements money-based measures by considering multiple deprivations and their overlap
MDGs (Millennium Development Goals)
endorsed by governments at the United Nations in September 2000, the MDGs aim to improve human well-being by reducing poverty, hunger, child and maternal mortality, ensuring education for all, controlling and managing diseases, tackling ge…
BRICS
an acronym that refers to the economies of Brazil, Russia, India, and China, which are seen as major economies in the worlds. In March 2012, South Africa appeared to join BRIC, which thus became BR…
NICs (Newly Industrialized Countries)
countries that have undergone rapid and successful industrialization since the 1960s
LDCs (Least Developed Countries)
the poorest and weakest economies in the developing world as identified by UNCTAD
Climate Change
Refers to any significant change in the measures of climate lasting for an extended period of time
Global Warming
the recent and ongoing global average increase in temperature near the Earth's surface
Greenhouse effect
trapping and build-up of heat in the atmosphere near the Earth's surface
Greenhouse gas (GHG)
any gas that absorbs infrared radiation in the atmosphere (carbon dioxide, methane...)
Level 16