Level 18
Level 19

Population Movements


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place of residence
a place where a person normally lives
leisure
movement related to free time (weekends away or holidays)
Boomerang Pattern
When domestic NGOs bypass domestic state institutions and bring their case to the international community to bring pressure from abroad.
unemployed population
the opp. of employed population
minor
anyone under the age of full legal responsibility (under 18 in Europe)
retired people
people who have stopped working, usually because of age but sometimes due to illness
set at 65
in Spain, the retirement age is currently
workforce
All the people working or available to work, as in a nation, company, industry, or on a project
commuting
regular movement between a person's place of residence and their place of work or study
internal emigration
moving to another place within the country to find work
immigration
arriving to live in a particular place
touchy
likely to take offense for some slight reason;
the workforce
when they grow up, these children will join
we need to strike a
balance between the young and the old.
altitude
height of a point in relation to sea level
immigrant
someone who arrives to another region or country looking for work or new opportunities.
rural exodus
internal migration from the countryside to the city
basic sector
sell products and services to consumers outside the settlement
overpopulation
la surpopulation
shear
a sheep
Air Pollution
Acid rain - damages buildings and vegetation
Push - pull factors
Push factors are the negative factors of a place that encourage people to move away. The pull factors are the attractions and opportunities that encourage people to move there
Migration
the movement of people between countries on a long term or permanent basis
allopatric speciation
new species arise in isolation separated from area where ancestral species found
1.609
1 mile + ? km
Voluntary migration
Is when a person makes the decision to move
Collective Bargaining
Process by which a union representing a group of workers negotiates with management for a contract
Refugees
A person forced to flee from their country or place of residence
alluvial
made up of or found in the materials that are left by the water of rivers, floods, etc.
1.85
1 Nautical Mile = ? km
Push Factors
Things which happened in the persons place of origin which made them decide to move
Pull Factors
Things about a persons destination which attract them
positive
reduced demand on services e.g. school and hospitals
(negative)
Labour Shortage - Mostly people of working age that emigrate
Active dispersal
Relies on the propagule itself to provide motion (breeding pair, pregnant female, self-propelling seed). Ex, Dwarf mistletoe
Active layer
Upper layers of permafrost that thaws only briefly in the summertime.
Acropolis
A fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
Active
Volcanoes have erupted in living memory
Activity: Planning
Goals: develop a master plan for software development that, if followed, ensures project objectives are met
Ad Valorem Tariff
charge per value of imported good
activity space
the space within which daily activity occurs
brain drain
large-scale emigration by talented people
chain migration
migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there (can also be called migration ladder)
circulation
short term, repetitive, or cyclical movements that recur on a regular basis
arctic tundra
tundra found in the northernmost regions of the northern hemisphere in Russia, Canada, Scandinavia, and Alaska
Blockbusting
Illegal practice of inducing homeowners to sell their properties by telling them that a certain people of a certain race, national origin or religion are moving into the area
gravity model
a mathematical formula that describes the level of interaction between two places, based on the size of their populations and their distance from each other
guest worker
workers who migrate to the more developed countries in search of higher paying jobs
internal migration
permanent movement within a particular country
international migration
permanent movement from one country to another
intervening obstacle
an environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration.
migration transition
change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition
migration stream
A constant flow of migrants from the same origin to the same destination.
migration selectivity
the maximum limit on the number of people who could immigrate to a country during a one-year period
mobility
all types of movement from one location to another
net migration
the difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration
refugee
people who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion
space-time prism
graphic representation of activity space
urbanization
the growth of cities and the migration of people into them
suburbanization
movement of upper and middle-class people from urban core areas to the surrounding outskirts to escape pollution as well as deteriorating social conditions (perceived and actual)
1 langley
Solar Radiation Unit
Oil
Organization of Petroleum Exporting countries
Level 20