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Level 21

Integration & Assimilation

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A process by which ethnic, racial, and/or cultural distinctions between groups disappear because one group absorbed, sometimes by force, into another group's culture or because tow cultures blend to form a new culture.
Absorption assimilation
Members of a subordinate, ethnic, racial, and/or cultural group adapt to the ways of the dominant group, which sets the standards to which they must adjust.
Melting pot assimilation
Previously separate groups accept many new behaviors and values from one another, intermarry, procreate, and identify with a blended culture.
Alfons Lutticke
Held positive obligations could have direct effect (Article 110 TFEU)
Occurs when two or more racial groups interact in a previously segregated setting.
Virtual integration
Simply seeing other racial groups on television and in advertisements gives "the sensation of having meaningful, repeated contact with other racial groups without actually havint it".
A situation in which different racial and ethnic groups coexist in harmony; have equal social standing; maintain their unique cultural ties, communities, and identities; and participate in the economic and political life of the larger society.
Horizontal Immigration
--partial control of every aspect of the industry;
people who oppose all forms of organized government
Strike Breakers
People who work during a strike.
a shop or factory where workers work long hours at low wages under unhealthy conditions
Mass Production
Process of making large quantities of a product quickly and cheaply
Assembly line
a production system with machines and workers arranged so that each person performs an assigned task again and again as the item passes before him or her
a Trust
a group of companies that is controlled by a single group of business leaders is an example of
vertical monopoly
Single company owns every aspect of business (i.e. production, distribution, etc)
horizontal monopoly
owning several types of related businesses. Ex: CD company owns an artist, venue, and ticketing
(economics) a market in which there are many buyers but only one seller
a certificate documenting the shareholder's ownership in the corporation
synthetic fuels (synfuels):
convert coal into liquid fuel, more efficient burn, burns more efficiently as a liquid. Maximum efficient burn
vertical integration
practice in which a single manufacturer controls all of the steps used to change raw materials into finished products
the triangle fire
A 1911 incident in a garment factory that resulted in the deaths of over 140 garment workers; led to increased safety regulations for businesses. They were locked in rooms to ensure they did not steal anything
Samuel Gompers
He was the creator of the American Federation of Labor. He provided a stable and unified union for skilled workers.
Haymarket Riot
100,000 workers rioted in Chicago. After the police fired into the crowd, the workers met and rallied in Haymarket Square to protest police brutality. A bomb exploded, killing or injuring many of the police.…
Knights of Labor
(GC) , one of the most important American labor organizations of the 19th century. Founded by seven Philadelphia tailors in 1869 and led by Uriah S. Stephens, its ideology may be described as producerist, deman…
Terence Powderly
In 1879, president of the Knight of Labor. He worked to strenghten the union by opening membership to immigrants, blacks, women and unskilled workers. He wanted to make the world a better place for …
to travel a distance to and from work
Implemented by Fredrick W. Taylor, scientific management to reduce waste, was resented by many although he brought concrete improvements of productivity
Henry Ford
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
Thomas Edison
United States inventor, United States inventor, inventions included the phonograph and incandescent electric light and the microphone and the Kinetoscope (1847-1931)
Invented by Alexander Graham Bell - is an instrument for sending and recieving sounds over long distances by electricity
Sherman Antitrust Act
law that made it illegal to create monopolies or trusts that interfered or restricted with free trade
Level 22