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3: New York, Chicago, and Philadelphia
By 1900, the US had how many cities with more than one million inhabitants?
What was the pattern that contributed to the rise of the city?
The rich and the poor.
Urbanization contributed to the widening gap between which two social classes?
Age of Exploration
Time period during the 15th and 16th centuries when Europeans searched for new sources of wealth and for easier trade routes to China and India. Resulted in the discovery of North and South America by the Europeans.
area where carbon dives into.
What problems were reformers addressing at the end of the 19th century?
Urban industrialism and the substandard living and working conditions that it produced.
Their own ethnic kin. They formed their own ethnic enclaves.
Immigrants to the nations cities turned to what to survive after facing hostilities directed toward them?
How The Other Half Lives by Jacob Riis
What best selling book exposed the impoverished conditions of the New York city slums and the widening gap between the rich and poor?
What term described a society ruled by the rich?
The Spirit of Electricity.
What was Alice Vanderbilt dressed as at their Venetian Costume Party?
the rise of cities
the main feature of civilization is
a complex highly organized social order
An urban settlement that has been legally incorporated into an independent, self-governing unit.
over production of goods
5 main river valleys
flood water spread
can develop from a dome of from within a basin where dissection has exposed concentric alternating bands of tilted hard and soft rock.
well organized govt
what was needed to create the irrigation systems
Valley glaciers carve out semicircular basins that can fill with water.
old stone age/paleolithic age
the earliest period in human history, 2 mill BC to 10,000BC
tools were made from
stone bone skin and wood
hunter gatherers who constantly moved, groups of 20-30 people
The inputs required for production, such as machinery, machine tools, metal working, and iron casting
belief that animals were spiritual beings
farming,brought up 11,000 yrs ago, developed new skills, forming of calendars, domestication of animals=population growth , human interaction
first civilization occurred in
Only show natural things
Mark off political areas. Linear, but often occur within broader border zones. Their demarcation may become a source of conflict.
focuses on a theme
zoomed in version of political
Areas of town that were dirty, crowded, poor, violent, and full of disease.
Apartment buildings that were run down and tightly packed.
slow down, gets narrower, gets taller. creates friction with seafloor
Founded the first settlement house: The Hull House located in Chicago.
Provided education, social area, libraries, child care, and art classes, for immigrants.
Organizations similar to the Hull House that were created to aid immigrants.
Period of rapid growth in the use of machines in manufacturing.
the growth of cities and the migration of people into them
height of a point in relation to sea level
Packed processed meat.
Cattle Raising, Wheat farming, and other farming.
public transportation designed to move many people
residential neighborhoods outside of downtown areas
leisure and cultural activities shared by many people
in 1896 added a color comic to his New York World newspaper
William Randolph Hearst
saw that comics helped sell newspapers so added comics to the "Journal"
A very large body of atmosphere defined by basically similar horizontal air temperatures. Moisture conditions are also usually similar throughout the mass. An air mass takes on the characteristics of a place it originates.
is shaped by the random processes of colonization and local environmental conditions
formed by exchanging or sharing of electrons between atoms