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Low tax/cheap labour
companies and investors exploit this causing people to move to mumbai
Banking, insurance, IT centres. Mumbia universities produce well educated people who are willing to work for low wages leading to OUTSOURCING
The practice of having certain job functions done outside a company instead of having an in-house department or employee handle them
oppotunity of employment in textiles
oppotunity of employment in construction as city needs new work space to cope with growth
Leisure and business
hotels and restaurants
a place where people live. It can be permanent or temporary.
relating to or concerned with a city or densely populated area
an area that is far from a city and has farms or open space
The proportion of people living in towns and cities or the movement of people from rural to urban areas.
Involves the extracting of raw materials such as: farming, fishing and mining
Manufacturing/making finished products such as: textile, food and consumer durables.
Providing services such as: lawyers, doctors, accountants, teachers, retail and transport.
Indirect effect only applies once the implementation date has passed
Rate of Urbanisation
Change of the size of the urban population over the given period of time
Cities, mostly characteristic of the developing world, with high population growth and migration. All megacities have more than 10 million people
More Developed Country
Rate of Urbanisation lower than LDC's, highly industrialised, high salaries
Change in Urbanisation over time
Less Developed Country
Rate of Urbanisation very high, low salaries, low/moderate levels of industrialisation
Acid rain - damages buildings and vegetation
Disrupts food chains - it kills fish and other aquatic animals
Waste disposal - Ledc
Money - poor countries cannot afford to dispose of waste safely. e.g. toxic waste needs treatment. they need to spend money of healthcare etc...