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Important Geographic Ideas


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5 themes of geography
location, place, human environment interaction, movement, region
Change
To make different. Some changes are predictable and re-occur (are cyclic). Change is natural and ongoing
location
the first theme of geography as defined by the Geography Educational National Implementation Project; the geographical situation of people and things
accessibility
the degree of ease with which it is possible to reach a certain location from other locations
System
A set of features of things linked (joined) together to form a whole
Arctic Oscillation
ice coverage; colder atmosphere & faster (positive phase) vs. less cold atmosphere (negative phase)
region
the third theme of geography as defined by the Geography Educational National Implementation Project; and area on the Earth's surface marked by a degree of formal, functional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon
Interaction
A reciprocal (two way) action
pattern
the design of a spatial distribution
Perception
A way of viewing and thinking
Processes
A sequence of related actions that differ in time scale, magnitude and intensity.
Process
A series of related actions
Systems
The environment can be viewed as an interacting system. A system has inputs, processes throughputs or outputs and feedback of energy, material and ideas. A dairy farm is a good example of a system.
500 million km^2
Total surface area of Earth
Kaitiakitanga
To "care for" the environment; sustainable use and management of natural and physical resources for the benefit of people and the resources.
broad or shield
different kinds of cones
Level 7